Bartholin Cyst Pregnant

Bartholin cyst while pregnant

A Bartholin's cyst, also known as bartholinitis, is a fluid-filled lump which can range in size from a pea to an egg. Situated on the Bartholin's glands, either side of the vagina, a Bartholin's cyst is often painless and does not indicate the presence of any other conditions. Is there a bartholin cyst pregnant / pregnancy treatment?

What causes a Bartholin cyst?

If a Bartholin's gland becomes blocked, it leads to inflammation and this can cause a cyst to form. Although a Bartholin cyst is not characterized as an infection, it can be caused by one. It can also be caused by a blockage in the Bartholin's ducts.

While the cyst is not a sexually-transmitted condition, it can be caused by a bacterial infection resulting from a sexually-transmitted disease, such as gonorrhea or chlamydia. This is relatively rare, however, and many women develop a cyst without the presence of any sexually transmitted conditions.

Bartholin cyst in pregnant women

If a woman develops a Bartholin cyst when pregnant, treatment options may vary. As pregnancy can cause increased blood flow to the area, physicians may advise that the cyst is left alone until after the delivery.

However, if the cyst is large and doctors believe it may affect a natural delivery, they may opt to drain it prior to the patient going into labor.

Although these types of cysts are not normally problematic, Bartholin cyst pregnant women can face additional complications. Increased sensitivity to infections may occur in pregnant women and, if a cyst is present, it could be more likely to develop into an abscess.

What is a Bartholin's abscess?

If a Bartholin's cyst becomes infected, an abscess may form. Symptoms of an abscess may include pain, heat, redness and swelling. In some cases, women can experience intense pain and may require urgent treatment.

While a cyst may heal without medical treatment, it's likely that an abscess will need medical intervention. If left untreated, it's likely to last longer and it could burst. As an abscess tends to return to the site, it's often best to seek treatment as soon as possible.

Often, the preferred course of treatment for infected Bartholin's cysts is a simple course of antibiotics. If these work effectively, no additional treatment may be required.

However, if antibiotics don't work or if the abscess is particularly large, you may require a surgical procedure.

A balloon catheter procedure is a simple surgical procedure which can be performed on outpatients, meaning there is usually no need for you to stay in the hospital. Physicians simply create a channel through the cyst to the gland and insert a catheter which allows the abscess to drain.

Alternatively, surgeons may remove the fluid under general anesthetic. When this is done, the abscess is cut and the edges of the wound are sewn together. It is believed that this is more likely to prevent an abscess from returning but less invasive procedures are normally preferred.

If a patient suffers repeated Bartholin cysts or abscesses, an excision may be appropriate. Here, the abscess and the gland is removed, in order to prevent recurrence of the condition.

While these options are available to most women, if a Bartholin's cyst affects a pregnant woman, surgery or medication may not be an appropriate option. Your physician will be able to advise the best course of treatment and, if necessary, prescribe medication which can be taken safely while pregnant.

Getting treatment for a Bartholin cyst

bartholin cyst pregnant: although a Bartholin cyst is not thought to be dangerous, it's always important to seek medical help if you notice a lump developing. In some cases, a patient may mistake alternative conditions, such as lipomas, as Bartholin's cysts.

By seeking medical help, a proper diagnosis can be given. Generally, a Bartholin's cyst can be diagnosed via a straightforward pelvic exam but, if a physician, suspects another condition may be present, they may order additional tests, such as a biopsy.

While there is a range of treatments available for a Bartholin's cyst, standard medical protocol is often to leave the cyst to heal, unless infection sets in. Should treatment be required for a Bartholin's abscess, additional home treatment methods may be helpful.

Applying a warm compress or taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may help to relieve the pain, for example. While it's vital that all women seek medical help before embarking on a course of treatment for a Bartholin's cyst, this is particularly important if you are pregnant. Standard treatment options may vary but obtaining professional help can ensure a healthy labor and delivery, despite the presence of a Bartholin cyst or abscess.

Last Reviewed:
June 30, 2017
Last Updated:
October 17, 2017
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