Black Veins

Black veins are twice as likely to occur in women though men and children experience this ailment. We know them as varicose or spider veins. In some cases, the veins cause discomfort and can be removed.

What are Black Veins?

Approximately 15% of Americans encounter black veins, occurring in the legs and foot regions of the body. Black veins are known as varicose or spider veins and appear when the blood flowing through the vein reverses its course or becomes idle due to a defective valve. There are several health factors increasing the risk for many individuals. These are:

  • Age increases the risk of getting black veins.
  • Family history and heredity plays a role in this disorder.
  • Obesity and pregnancy may contribute to the condition.
  • Poor circulation

Depending on the individual’s state of health, blood clots can happen in black veins. The clots cause the legs to swell and interfere with one's mobility.

What Causes Black Veins?

Veins are located near the surface of the skin, transporting blood through the body. As we get older or suffer health issues, the valves controlling the flow of blood weaken. The action causes blood to collect in the vein, creating an enlarged varicose vein. The colors are associated with the deoxygenated blood.

Conditions increasing the risk of developing black veins include:

  • Lost of the vein's elasticity
  • Hormonal changes
  • History of blood clots
  • Lack of physical movement

Other factors contributing to this condition are trauma or an injury to the skin. Exposure to ultraviolet rays can trigger black veins. High temperatures cause the body to go into cooling modes by enlarging the veins to bring them closer to the surface to discharge heat from the body. Your legs will ache and swell causing the veins to bulge.

Symptoms of Black Veins

Black veins are not always visible, but the signs are clear. Most of these symptoms can be eased by elevating the legs or wearing support stockings. If you experience any of these symptoms or inflammation of the veins – see a doctor.

  • Aching pain
  • Cramping in the legs
  • Throbbing
  • Heaviness
  • Burning sensation

It’s difficult to prevent black veins, but you can reduce the risks of developing varicose veins. Start with improving your circulation and muscle tone. Look for changes in your veins and the surface skin areas.

How to Treat Black Veins

Medical treatments differ for individuals with pain or high levels of discomfort. For patients with no symptoms of pain, alternative remedies can prevent the condition from getting worse.

Your doctor needs a full examination to diagnose black veins. The procedure involves looking at your legs while you stand. The doctor is looking for swelling. Depending on the results, you may need an ultrasound test – it’s a non-invasive test. The purpose is to see if the valves in the veins are functioning. The test will also reveal evidence of blood clots.

Medical Treatments

If the veins are enlarged, they may need to be removed. The procedures use an anesthetic.

  • One leg may be an outpatient procedure.
  • Two legs may require an overnight stay in the hospital.

Ligation and Stripping

This is an overnight stay procedure to remove the vein. Recovery at home is one to three weeks before returning to normal activities. One incision is made at the top of the targeted vein near the groin. A second incision is made at the knee or ankle. Using a flexible wire tied to the top of the vein the doctor pulls the wire through the second incision with the attached vein.

  • Bruising, bleeding and pain may occur.
  • Compression stockings are worn during recovery.

Radiofrequency Ablation

This procedure is used for large varicose veins. The doctor makes a small incision above or below the knee for threading a catheter into the vein. The catheter emits a radiofrequency energy to heat the vein, causing the walls to collapse, closing the vein.

Additional treatments requiring medical supervision allow the veins to disappear in a matter of weeks.

  • Laser treatments are used to close small black veins.
  • Sclerotherapy uses a chemical injection into the small or medium size veins, closing them.

Alternative Treatments

There are several self-care methods to ease the pain and prevent black veins from getting worse. Talk with your doctor and find out which ones work best for you. Many of these treatments involve lifestyle changes.

  • Compression stocking squeezes the legs helping to move the blood.
  • Exercise encourages blood circulation.
  • Avoid high heels - low heels work the calf muscles.
  • Wear loose clothing around the waist and legs to keep the blood flowing.
  • Diet – lessen the pressure to the veins with a low salt diet to prevent swelling and water retention.
  • Elevate your legs to improve the circulation.
  • Take frequent breaks from constant standing or sitting – strength the legs.
  • No crossing of the legs – it can interfere with the circulation and blood flow.

Storage and Handling

All medicines should be stored in an airtight container – at room temperature, away from heat, moisture and direct light. Left unmonitored even the simplest form can cause harm.

  • Keep all medicines out of reach of children, elderly adults and animals.
  • Discard outdated or unused portions properly.
  • DO NOT share or dispense this medicine with anyone else – the results could be fatal.

Frequently asked questions

1. Can black veins be removed?
There are several forms of treatments to remove the veins. Talk with the doctor to discuss the options available for you.

2. Do I need to see a doctor?
If you can see the veins and you are in pain, you need to see the doctor.

3. Can black veins lead to more serious conditions?

Yes, they can, because they work with the body’s flow of blood. If left untreated or undetected, blood clots could form. Symptoms or warnings signs of a blood clot are similar to a muscle cramp.

4. What treatments are available?
Some of the medical procedures require hospital stays others are outpatient. Alternative self-care methods are related to lifestyle changes.

5. What can I do to avoid surgery?
You can lower your risks of black veins disorders by learning about your health and sharing the family history with your doctor.

6. How will this affect other health issues?
Your own health plays a role to the extent that black veins affect blood pressure and cardiovascular illnesses. Talk with your doctor about your circumstances.

7. How common are black veins?
More than 50% of patients have a family history of this condition. If both parents have black veins, your risk of developing the ailment is more than 80%. If one parent is affected, daughters are at 60% risk and sons at 25%.