Currently, blackheads affect close to fifty million people in the United States and are considered the most popular skin disorder in the country.
A blackhead will start to form when a plug or clog develops in the hair follicles opening found on your skin. In each follicle, you will find a sebaceous gland (known for producing oil) and a single hair strand. The oil in the sebaceous gland is known as sebum, and its job is to ensure that the skin remains soft.
A comedo is a bump formed when oils and dead skin cells have started collecting at the skin follicle’s opening. When the skin above the bump remains closed, this bump will be called a white head. However, when the skin it opens and gets exposed to air, it leads to the formation of a black bump known as the blackhead.
Some medical experts are of the opinion that what a person eats or drinks can also determine whether they will get this kind of acne or not. Foods, e.g., carbohydrates as well as dairy products, e.g., milk can increase your blood sugar levels, thereby triggering an acne breakout. However, there are researchers that are not yet convinced that there exists a strong connection between what one ingests and whether they get blackheads or not.
It is very easy to spot blackheads on your skin due to their dark color. Normally, the blackheads tend to be slightly raised on your skin surface. They are not painful, and will typically be inflamed like a pimple. A pimple will start to form when a blocked hair follicle is invaded by a bacterium, leading to inflammation and redness.
You can use acne medication to treat blackheads on shoulder and back. Many such medications can be purchased online or at your local drugstore without a prescription. The medication comes in form of pad forms, gels, and creams, which must be applied directly to the skin. Common ingredients in these drugs include resorcinol, benzoyl peroxide, and salicylic acid. They are able to get rid of the blackheads by forcing your skin to shed all the dead skin cells, drying off any excess oil, and killing bacteria that may be present on the skin surface.
If over the counter medication does not work for you, then it may be time to see a doctor and inquire about prescription medication. This medication tends to be much stronger than OTC treatments. They mainly contain vitamin A, which is essential in ensuring that plugs do not form on your hair follicles.
The vitamin is also essential in ensuring that there is a high turnover of the dead skin cells. The medication has to be applied to the skin directly. It includes adapalene, tazarotene, and tretinoin.
Skin care professionals and dermatologists can remove the blackheads manually by using a special tool known as a round loop extractor. The extractor is used to remove the plug that is behind the formation of the blackhead. Dermatologists use the extractor to make a small opening in this plug before applying some pressure to assist in the removal of this clog.
During this process, the skin care professional or doctor will make use of a special instrument to sand off the top skin layer. The sanding process is aimed at removing any clogs that may be present, and which may cause blackheads to form on your back.
A chemical peel can also be used to unclog your skin and remove any dead skin cells that could be present on it. The peeling process requires that a strong chemical be applied on the skin surface. With time, the uppermost layer of your skin will start to peel off, leaving behind a much smoother surface. It is possible to purchase a mild peel online. However, you need an appointment with a dermatologist for you to access the stronger peel.
Light and laser therapy makes use of tiny light beams to kill off any bacteria present on the skin. The light beam can also be used to reduce the amount of oil being produced by your sebaceous glands. The beam is able to reach the innermost layers of your skin to assist you to treat acne and blackheads on your shoulder without causing any damage to the skin.
You do not have to spend a large sum of money to prevent the formation of blackheads on shoulder and back. It is possible to do so at home by following these remedies:
You need to wash your back and shoulder when you wake up, and each night before sleeping to eliminate any oil that had started to build up. Do not wash more than two times as this can irritate your skin, resulting in an acne breakout. When washing, be sure to use a gentle cleanser that will not irritate or redden your skin.
Oily products can contribute to the formation of new blackheads. Always use sunscreens, lotions, and non-comedogenic makeup to ensure that the problem will not worsen.