Blackheads on chin are usually caused by hair follicles which become blocked. Normally, a hair follicle simply allows an individual hair to grow out of the skin. Whilst coarse hair tends to grow on the head, arms or legs, fine hair typically grows in most places on the body. When hair follicles or pores on the chin become blocked, this can result in blackheads occurring in the affected area.
Also known as a comedo, a blocked hair follicle can result in a number of different types of lesions. In some cases, a blocked hair follicle can result in an ingrown hair or a large pimple but they most commonly result in blackheads. Many people believe that when skin debris and oil mix together, the hair follicle is blocked and a blackhead is created.
Although blackheads can occur alongside other types of acne, such as cysts and nodules, they can also be present without any other type of blemishes being apparent. For some people, blackheads on chin are indicative of an ongoing skin problem but, for others, blackheads on chin are an isolated skin problem.
As blackheads are typically darker than the surrounding skin, they can be fairly noticeable. Whilst blackheads are not normally dangerous in any way, people can be self-conscious when they have blackheads on chin.
When people develop blackheads on chin, they may have numerous black spots or dots on the affected area. In some cases, blackheads can be fairly large and noticeable but, on occasion, they are extremely small and barely visible to the naked eye.
Unlike other forms of acne, blackheads do not typically involve infection. Whilst cysts and large pimples can be painful due to the presence of infection, this is not usually the case with blackheads. In fact, many people only experience pain due to blackheads on chin if they attempt to treat or remove the blackheads with inappropriate treatment methods.
Despite this, people can feel very self-conscious about the appearance of their skin. For some people, blackheads on chin are nothing more than a minor inconvenience but, for others, blackheads on chin can cause social anxiety. If an individual feels particularly embarrassed about their blackheads, they may attempt to cover the affected area or avoid socializing in public.
Due to this, the issue of blackheads on chin should be taken seriously. Although the problem is not usually dangerous or indicative of a serious medical condition, individuals with blackheads on chin should seek treatment if they feel that there is an underlying condition causing their blackheads or if their day-to-day activities are being affected by the appearance of their skin.
Like most forms of acne, blackheads on chin can have various causes. Common causes of blackheads may include:
Many dermatologists believe that blackheads on chin occur when hair follicles become blocked with dirt and dead skin. In addition to this, many doctors maintain that blackheads are created when dead skin is exposed to oxygen. If pores on the skin are blocked, the dead cells are turned black due to oxygen in the air. As a result, a black mark appears on the skin and a blackhead is formed.
Whilst skin problems, such as blackheads on chin, can occur at any age, they are most common during puberty. When individuals are going through puberty, their sebum and oil production is particularly high. It is believed that this can lead to increased clogging of the hair follicles and pores, thus leading to the development of blackheads. Similarly, individuals of both gender have increased androgen levels during puberty and this may also be a factor in the production of blackheads.
Although increased oil production can result in blackheads on chin, the condition can also be caused or exacerbated by dry skin. People with dry skin may not shed the top layer of their skin as quickly as other people and this can lead to flaky or irritated skin. When dry skin is present, it may clog the pores and hair follicles on the chin, leading to the development of blackheads.
Furthermore, hormonal imbalances can give rise to blackheads on chin. Pimples, blackheads and cysts on the chin and/or jaw are often associated with hormone problems and may indicate that further testing is required. Whilst hormonal changes are normal during puberty, excessive changes can have an underlying cause. As well as resulting in blackheads on chin, hormonal imbalances can have other symptoms and should always be investigated. If adults who have already gone through puberty notice blackheads on chin or other forms of acne, they should be tested to ensure they are not suffering from an on-going hormonal imbalance.
If individuals shave, use make-up, spend time in humid environments and/or use certain medications, this can also increase their risk of developing blackheads on chin.
Although blackheads are not generally caused by poor hygiene, skincare regimes can help to improve the appearance of blackheads. If an individual has dry skin, for example, exfoliating the skin can help to reduce flaking skin and prevent hair follicles and pores from getting clogged, thus reducing the appearance of blackheads.
Alternatively, if individuals have particularly oily skin, they can stop using oil-based moisturizers, scrubs and make-up on the affected area. These products can overload the skin with more oil and may exacerbate existing blackheads, as well as causing new blackheads to appear.
Whilst there are tools to help remove blackheads from the skin, these are not usually recommended for home use. Instead, individuals should visit a physician or dermatologist if they wish to undergo more intensive treatment for blackheads on chin.
If the cause of blackheads on chin is deemed to be a hormonal imbalance, there are various forms of treatment which can be used. Often, addressing the hormonal imbalance will result in the blackheads being treated as well, as additional treatment may not be necessary. Female patients may be prescribed birth control pills in a bid to regulate their hormones, for example, and this can help to reduce the appearance of blackheads and other forms of acne.
Once existing blackheads have been remedied, patients may want to take steps to ensure they do not return. Maintaining an appropriate skincare routine can help to achieve this. Individuals should attempt to find products which suit their skin and use them as a preventive measure, rather than as a remedy. If necessary, dermatologists may be able to prescribe medicated, topical solutions which can help to prevent pores and hair follicles from becoming blocked, thus preventing blackheads on chin from appearing.
Whilst it can be difficult to prevent any form of acne from occurring, careful skincare regimes and a healthy diet can reduce the risk of blackheads developing. As an unhealthy diet can affect the oil production of the skin, eating a balanced diet can help to prevent skin problems from arising.
In the case of hormonal acne, however, these self-care measures may have a limited effect. Instead, patients may benefit from addressing their hormonal issues with a physician so that their hormones can be regulated and blackheads on chin can be prevented.