• People who exercise on a regular basis are likely to get a bruise every once in a while. Weight lifters and athletes normally get bruises resulting from the presence of microscopic tears in the blood vessels that are beneath their skin surfaces. Bruising can also be caused by trauma followed by clotted blood.
To know whether you have been bruised, you will need to check for the following signs and symptoms:
Have you got a bruise that won’t go away? This could be because of one of the following reasons:
When your body lacks nutrients, you are likely to experience a clotting problem. Blood clotting issues occur when there are deficiencies in nutrients, such as:
Any injury leading to the rupture of a blood vessel can cause bleeding to occur, leading to the formation of a very big lump. It is a scenario that is mostly seen when a person experiences a bump to their head, although it is not uncommon to find it in other areas of the body as well. Although clotting will normally close such ruptures, any person who is on blood-thinning medication or who is experiencing a bleeding issue is likely to bleed for much longer. The affected region will have a bruise that looks and feels like a bump.
As you age, your ability to easily get bruised also increases. This is an increase that will normally cause your healing time to increase as well, with small bruises taking longer to heal properly. It is the reason why older people bruise easily and why their bruises stay around for much longer than they used to when they were younger. Such bruises will normally fade at a very slow pace due to the fact that the blood vessels lining their skin have already become weak.
One of the most common side-effects associated with chemotherapy is a reduction in your number of blood platelets. Platelets play an important role in blood clotting. Therefore, it is common for people who are currently undergoing chemotherapy to notice that they are bruising easily and that their bruises are taking longer to heal.
Thrombophilia is a condition that comes about when someone has very few platelets in their blood. Low platelet levels mean that your blood will not clot easily, which will, in turn, increase your bleeding time. Your bruises will thus take longer to disappear.
The presence of a faulty collagen gene makes it easier for your blood vessels to become ruptured. One such condition is known as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and is a condition where people notice bruises appearing out of nowhere. Sufferers will find that bruises will manifest on their skin even when they have not been injured or sustained a bump. Their bruises occur more often and take a very long time for them to heal.
There are certain prescription medications that can cause your blood to become too thin, leading to increased bruising and bleeding episodes. If you happen to be on a daily dose of any such medication, there is a big probability that your bruises will increase significantly. They include:
This is a common blood clotting disorder, which causes non-stop bleeding in sufferers. It occurs when your body lacks a certain protein known to assist the blood in clotting. A person with this disorder is likely to get bruises for no good reason, with the bruises taking too long to start healing.
When you have a non-life threatening bruise, there are a number of options that can be considered, e.g.,
A bruise will normally start spreading before the healing process can formally begin. In the course of this, it will turn color a few times, which should not be a cause for concern. Be sure to see a physician if the bruise lasts for more than fourteen days.