Bruise Won’t Go Away

Wondering why your bruise won’t go away? No one likes getting a bruise. A bruise is not only annoying, but it will normally lead to the discoloration of your skin in the affected region. The blood coming from the cells that have been damaged will normally start to collect beneath your skin surface, resulting in the formation of a blue or black mark.

Bruise Won't Go Away—Causes and Risk Factors

Bruises will normally start to form when you bump into something, or when something bumps into you. Common risk factors for a bruise include:

• People who exercise on a regular basis are likely to get a bruise every once in a while. Weight lifters and athletes normally get bruises resulting from the presence of microscopic tears in the blood vessels that are beneath their skin surfaces. Bruising can also be caused by trauma followed by clotted blood.

  • Random bruises or bruising that occurs without a good reason could be an indication that one has a bleeding disorder. It could also be caused by continued use of blood thinners.
  • Alcohol abuse causes people to start bleeding easily
  • Medical conditions e.g. liver disease, leukemia, and hemophilia have been known to cause bleeding and bruising.
  • People lacking vitamin C in their bodies are likely to bruise very easily.

Bruise Signs and Symptoms

To know whether you have been bruised, you will need to check for the following signs and symptoms:

  • A fresh bruise is normally red in color but it will start to turn blue before it eventually becomes purple or black. All this is likely to occur within a few hours after getting bruised. As the wound continues to heal, do not be surprised to see it turn green or yellow.
  • Expect the bruise to be painful and tender within the first few days. However, the pain will go away as the color starts to fade.
  • Depending on the cause, a bruise can last for between seven and 14 days, although there are others that could last for much longer.
  • Repeated bruising in a single area is likely to leave behind a brownish stain due to the iron that is being deposited in the affected region.
  • A bruise can become itchy as it is healing
  • You do not have to worry about the area becoming infected unless the bruise is accompanied by a cut or scrape.

Reasons why your bruise won't go away

Have you got a bruise that won’t go away? This could be because of one of the following reasons:

Your body lacks nutrients

When your body lacks nutrients, you are likely to experience a clotting problem. Blood clotting issues occur when there are deficiencies in nutrients, such as:

  • Bioflavonoids: These are antioxidants that play an important role in nourishing your blood vessels as well as the skin. Consumption of foods that have a high bioflavonoid content can assist in reducing your risk of being bruised.
  • Vitamin C: It assists your body to heal faster while ensuring that all your blood vessels remain healthy.
  • Vitamin K: Your body needs a regular supply of vitamin K to assist in blood clotting. Any person with low vitamin K is likely to have a very slow healing time, and will likely get bruised much more easily.
  • Zinc: It ensures that your skin is nourished while helping the wounds heal much faster. Low zinc levels in your blood can lead to anemia accompanied by excessive bruising.
  • Hematoma

Any injury leading to the rupture of a blood vessel can cause bleeding to occur, leading to the formation of a very big lump. It is a scenario that is mostly seen when a person experiences a bump to their head, although it is not uncommon to find it in other areas of the body as well. Although clotting will normally close such ruptures, any person who is on blood-thinning medication or who is experiencing a bleeding issue is likely to bleed for much longer. The affected region will have a bruise that looks and feels like a bump.

Age advancement

As you age, your ability to easily get bruised also increases. This is an increase that will normally cause your healing time to increase as well, with small bruises taking longer to heal properly. It is the reason why older people bruise easily and why their bruises stay around for much longer than they used to when they were younger. Such bruises will normally fade at a very slow pace due to the fact that the blood vessels lining their skin have already become weak.

Chemotherapy

One of the most common side-effects associated with chemotherapy is a reduction in your number of blood platelets. Platelets play an important role in blood clotting. Therefore, it is common for people who are currently undergoing chemotherapy to notice that they are bruising easily and that their bruises are taking longer to heal.

Thrombophilia

Thrombophilia is a condition that comes about when someone has very few platelets in their blood. Low platelet levels mean that your blood will not clot easily, which will, in turn, increase your bleeding time. Your bruises will thus take longer to disappear.

Collagen disorders

The presence of a faulty collagen gene makes it easier for your blood vessels to become ruptured. One such condition is known as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and is a condition where people notice bruises appearing out of nowhere. Sufferers will find that bruises will manifest on their skin even when they have not been injured or sustained a bump. Their bruises occur more often and take a very long time for them to heal.

Medications

There are certain prescription medications that can cause your blood to become too thin, leading to increased bruising and bleeding episodes. If you happen to be on a daily dose of any such medication, there is a big probability that your bruises will increase significantly. They include:

  • NSAIDS: These are also known as anti-inflammatory medications. There are some that contain blood thinning capabilities, which significantly increase your chances of experiencing internal bleeds.
  • Omega 3 Fatty Acids: This is a supplement that can significantly increase your chances of becoming bruised.
  • Blood thinners: aspirin, heparin, and warfarin are some of the most popular blood thinners. These medications can cause one to bruise easily when they are used over extended durations.

Von Willebrand Disease

This is a common blood clotting disorder, which causes non-stop bleeding in sufferers. It occurs when your body lacks a certain protein known to assist the blood in clotting. A person with this disorder is likely to get bruises for no good reason, with the bruises taking too long to start healing.

What can you do if your bruises won’t go away?

When you have a non-life threatening bruise, there are a number of options that can be considered, e.g.,

  • Making sure you get enough vitamins
  • Getting proper rest and applying ice on the affected region
  • Using an ace wrap
  • Using a warm compress on the affected area
  • Applying a sugar paste on the bruise before placing a bandage over it
  • Taking chocolate

A bruise will normally start spreading before the healing process can formally begin. In the course of this, it will turn color a few times, which should not be a cause for concern. Be sure to see a physician if the bruise lasts for more than fourteen days.