It can be annoying and painful to experience a bump inside the nose, and it can also cause annoyance or affect the day-to-day activities of the patient. The inside of the nose is more sensitive than exterior areas of the body and are often first noticed while touching or blowing the nose and realising something doesn’t quite feel right.
It is understandable for a person to think that a strange bump which has suddenly appeared in the nose could be something serious, but the important thing is not to worry. Most of the time, a bump in the nose is merely a minor issue. In some cases, it could be a symptom of infection within the nostril.
Self-diagnosis of a bump inside the nose is also quite difficult, as it is not particularly easy for a patient to see inside their own nostril. In some cases, the patient might notice a white or black bump on the inside of the nose while looking in the mirror.
A bump in the nose is often accompanied by pain, itching or discomfort. The bump may be big enough to affect breathing, or small but painful enough to cause annoyance.
If the patient shows any of the following symptoms, they should seek medical advice:
These symptoms often suggest that a pimple or boil in the nose has become infected. These sorts of infections must be treated quickly because veins in the nose lead directly to the brain and the infection could spread to other parts of the body.
A painful bump inside the nose is commonly a sign of acne. This condition affects the hair follicles in the pores of the skin. These pores contain sebaceous glands which produce an oily substance called sebum. This helps to soften the skin and hair. However, overproduction of sebum and another substance called keratin cause blockages in the pores. This is common in adolescents or at times when hormones are fluctuating. Other acne triggers include:
Excess sebum causes glands to become hard, resulting in a pimple appearing. While pimples are typically found on the face and other visible areas of skin, these bumps can also appear inside the nose. However, acne is not the only cause of lumps inside the nostril. The following are also common:
When bacteria get inside the pores, this can cause irritation and inflammation which leads to a tender and painful bump inside the nose, leading to infections like folliculitis. When folliculitis occurs, one or more white or red bumps can typically be found in the opening of the nostril. The most common bacteria which causes folliculitis is Staphylococcus. When this condition is present, frequent blowing or picking of the nose can aggravate the condition. Folliculitis usually causes burning or itchy skin, and pus-filled pimples or blisters which burst and crust over.
This is another type of bacterial infection which can cause a bump inside the nose. These are usually deeper infections or boils which appear inside the nose. These boils are considered serious as they can result in cellulitis, a skin infection which can spread throughout the body. In some cases, this can lead to death. The bacterium which causes this condition is Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), which is resistant to methicillin.
Continuous picking of the nose can cause damage to hair follicles and introduce bacteria to the nasal area. Damaged follicles make it easy for bacteria to cause an infection, which can result on a bump inside the nose.
Nasal polyps are bumps inside the cartilage of the nose. These typically form due to chronic inflammation of the mucous membrane within the nose. Nasal polyps can produce itchy eyes, congestion, snoring, nasal discharge, headaches and a reduced sense of smell and taste. Larger polyps could also affect breathing.
This condition is rare, but sometimes a bump inside the nose can be caused when an infected furuncle of the nose causes a blood clot in a large vein which is located at the base of the skull. Symptoms include bulging eyes, a very high fever, vision problems and drowsiness.
While a bump inside the nose may be irritating, squeezing it is not recommended. This will only aggravate any infection and increase the likelihood of it spreading through the nose, causing an even larger bump.
In most cases, a bump inside the nose will simply be a pimple which will clear up over time. If any pain is present, an over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication could help to alleviate any discomfort. The application of a warm, moist compress to the nose for approximately 15 minutes, three times a day, can also help to decrease pain associated with a bump inside the nose.
If a painful bump inside the nose won’t go away or continues to come back, a doctor or healthcare professional may recommend a topical antibiotic cream. Examples of these ointments include fusidic acid, mapirocin, bacitracin, macrolides, cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones and macrolides.
Sometimes, acne in the nose may form an abscess. In these instances, surgery may be required to lance the abscess and drain the pus from the nasal area.
The following are all useful ways to improve overall health and wellbeing and to prevent a bump inside the nose from reoccurring.
Patients who have a poor diet often experience bumps and pimples in the nose. High levels of insulin can cause inflammation of the skin – so sticking to a low-glycemic diet high in non-starchy vegetables like broccoli or cabbage can help. It is also advisable to seek advice about getting tested for any food allergies or sensitivities.
These minerals are vital for maintaining skin health and contribute to a healthy immune function. Vitamin A helps to control the production of sebum and Zinc has been linked to alleviating acne.
A good mix of essential fatty acids helps to reduce inflammation and improve acne, both of which can cause a bump inside the nose to become annoying or painful. Patients should aim to increase their intake of omega-3. Good sources include supplements, flaxseed oil, sardines, mackerel and salmon.
Studies have demonstrated that the severity of acne can be significantly controlled with tea tree. It produces fewer side effects than other remedies like benzyl peroxide, which can cause dryness, itching, burning and redness.
As a natural detoxifier, dandelion root helps to flush waste from the body that can lead to pimples and acne inside the nose. A cup of dandelion tea three times a day is recommended to help detoxify the body.
A 2014 study found that lauric acid and capric acid found within coconut oil was useful in combating the inflammatory effects of acne. It is therefore recommended that an increase in coconut oil in the diet could help treat a bump in the nose.
A combination of fatty acids, plant sterols and flavonoids, saw palmetto can help boost the immune system and block sebum from clogging up the glands, thereby negating the risk of a bump inside the nose.