Gum disease can be prevented by brushing your teeth, flossing regularly, and using mouth rinse to remove as much plaque as possible. This is because the number one cause of gum disease is the buildup of plaque around the gum line.
Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums around the tooth caused by plaque and tartar building up around the gum line. Over time, the gums swell and become irritated. If the swelling is severe, the gums may be visibly swollen around the tooth attachment, and may even turn lighter in color because of the swelling.
If gingivitis is present, the gums may bleed during brushing, and they will continue to bleed upon brushing until the inflammation and gingivitis is remedied. Upon brushing, the gums will be sore and small cuts may appear in the areas surrounding the teeth. Because of the risk of cuts in this area, it is important to use an antiseptic mouth wash to disinfect the area and prevent the plaque and tartar from entering them and causing a deeper infection.
Luckily, during this stage of gingivitis, bone structure is not at risk. You should ensure that you brush and floss a couple times per day, usually three times per day during this stage. You may want to see a dentist at this point for a deep cleaning. Failing to treat it at this stage can lead to periodontal disease, which does lead to bone deterioration and loss of teeth.
Even though periodontal disease cannot be reversed, the progress can be stopped through proper dental treatment and following up on the instructions that are given. This disease is a serious condition and even if the progress is stopped, you are at greater risk of developing infections that cause it to flare up.
The condition of periodontal disease will only keep progressing if you do not do something about it. Your gums will begin to appear bright red and begin to feel very sore in the diseases early stages. This is caused by the buildup of plaque below the line of the gum. If this is not treated the tartar and plaque located below the gum will keep eating away at your teeth.
What your doctor can do for you
Periodontal disease can be diagnosed even without the visibility or detection of plaque. You should have your doctor examine your teeth and gums on a regular basis so that they can catch any sign of periodontal disease. There are tests that can be performed by your dentist on your teeth and gums to check for periodontal disease. If you are diagnosed with having periodontal disease there are steps the dentist can tell you how to halt its progression and even prevent.
Periodontal and gingivitis disease are both usually not painful until later stages and progress slowly. The signs of both the periodontal and gingivitis usually don't show until the later states when signs and symptoms start showing up. You normally end up losing the tooth when these later stages show up and progress.
You can help to protect your teeth by seeing your dentist regularly and getting your cleanings and checkups. Catching periodontal and gingivitis early can allow the dentist to show you how to treat and stop any farther damage. Don't wait to get help if it advances too far it can tear up your gums and teeth and after it gets so far you will not be able to stop it.