Convergence Insufficiency Exercises

Learn about convergence insufficiency exercises

Convergence insufficiency is a weakness in the eye muscles that prevents the eyes from coordinating properly when viewing close range objects. This eye muscle weakness affects the vision by causing objects to be out of focus and blurry. Are there convergence insufficiency exercises?

Luckily, there is something that individuals can do to improve eye muscle strength and help correct vision issues.

Why individuals develop convergence insufficiency

Over the course of an individual's life, the eye muscles that control binocular vision start to weaken and tend to drift outward when the afflicted individual focuses on up-close objects. The exact cause of the muscle weakness is unknown, but the function of the eye muscle responds positively to special exercises designed to improve the muscle strength and correct the vision.

It is important to note that people can have convergence insufficiency and not develop symptoms. If you do notice some symptoms appearing or your ophthalmologist informs you of this condition you should start practicing these exercises as soon as possible.

Symptoms of convergence insufficiency

Some of the most common symptoms of convergence insufficiency include double vision, needing to close the eye to focus on close objects, a headache that tends to come from the front of the head, and blurry words when reading. The symptoms vary from person to person depending on the severity of the muscle weakness.

Exercises to improve convergence insufficiency

Convergence insufficiency exercises explained: The treatment for convergence insufficiency is special exercises that develop eye muscles over the course of several weeks and for some individuals several months. Convergence insufficiency exercises give patients the ability to strengthen their eye muscles and improve their focus.

Try these exercises to improve your vision and relieve some of the inconvenient symptoms associated with convergence insufficiency. One of the most effective exercises is both simple and effective which involves using a pen to help focus vision.

Put a clear pen in front of your face some distance away. Focus on the pen and then move the pen slowly towards your nose. Once the pen becomes double, you should stop moving the pen and then force your eyes to focus on the pen until it appears as a single object once again. Once the eyes focus on the pen as a single object, you should again start to move the pen towards your nose and stop when vision doubles. Repeat this exercise several times daily, and you will see an improvement in the focus of your eyes.

Another effective eye exercise involves using an index card with strategically placed dots. The dots are all three centimeters apart. You place the index card on the tip of your nose and then angle it down until you can see all of the dots. Focus on the first dot that is the furthermost distance from your nose. Make the dot focus into one single dot and then hold that for ten seconds. You then move up to the next dot and to the same thing. Try to get all the way up to your nose eventually.

This exercise involves taking few minutes to completely relax your eyes as much as possible. Once the eyes relax, you should pick an object very far away. You can look out a window towards the horizon, or as far as you can see. After looking at the object for a bit you should then relax the eyes once more.

The relaxation is very important to the effectiveness of the exercise, and you should repeat this several times. You should not do this exercise if you are ill or do not feel well in general. It is possible to experience eye spasms occasionally if you do not rest the eyes completely before and after this exercise. It has also proved to be quite effective over the course of time.

Any of these exercises can help you to regain the ability to focus on an object that is close to your face. These exercises do take some time to work, so you should remain patient and continue to do the exercises until you reach the desired effect.

If you continue to have issues with your vision, or the exercises to not seem to help, you should call your ophthalmologist and make an appointment for an exam. There may be some other underlying issues that should receive attention.

Last Reviewed:
July 25, 2017
Last Updated:
October 10, 2017