What is Attention Deficit Disorder / Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?


term-definitionAttention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are two terms used to describe the same health disorder. While they can be used interchangeably, most of the time, ADHD is used today as ADD is considered to be somewhat outdated. This condition is considered to be a brain disorder or mental health disorder. It is characterized by distinct sets of characteristics that all work together to form a single condition. Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity are the three areas in which a person with ADHD has issues and trouble.


The exact causes of ADHD are not fully understood. Physicians and psychological experts believe that there may be genetic components to this condition. However, there are also possible environmental factors that can contribute including exposure to toxins while in utero or at a young age. Low birth weight, brain injuries, and maternal drug use, alcohol use, or tobacco use can all also be contributing factors to a person developing ADHD.

Who is prone to ADD / ADHD?

ADHD is commonly associated with children. However, anyone can suffer from the condition including adults. In fact, a person may not be diagnosed with the condition until adulthood. Males are more likely than females to suffer from this condition as well.

Last Reviewed:
October 09, 2016
Last Updated:
December 11, 2016