Dementia is a condition that takes into account several symptoms and is a general term that can be applied to different circumstances.
Risk of dementia increase with ages. In order for a condition to be classified as dementia, there must be at least two or more symptoms from the list below and it must be serious enough that it affects one’s daily quality of life.
Dementia can be degenerative (meaning that it is due to death of brain cells and not reversible) or non-degenerative (meaning that it is a side effect of an injury, medication, or a deficiency in vitamins.
Dementia symptoms may be noticed by the person who has dementia or they may only be noticed by caregivers.
The type of treatment recommended by a doctor will depend on whether dementia is degenerative or non-degenerative. If dementia is degenerative there is no cure so treatment will focus on care and minimizing the side effects.
Non- degenerative dementia can sometimes be treated with medications like Donepezil, Alantamine, Rivastigmine, or Tacrine. Other drugs that may be used include memantine and cholinesterase inhibitors.