Desmoplastic tumors are rare but they are very aggressive tumors. They have a soft tissue and are considered a type of high-grade malignant cancer that infiltrates the tissue and the organs in the surrounding area. It can affect adults or young children.
Tumors are usually found deep within the body tissues. Often they are found in the pelvic area and abdomen. They can also be found in the pancreas, lung, hand and scalp.
Symptoms of a desmoplastic tumor depend on the location of the growth. The abdominal region including the fat linings and intestinal region are the most common areas in which these tumors can be found.
When the desmoplastic tumors are found in the abdominal region, they usually come with pain and cramps, obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract, and a feeling that there is something in the stomach. Other symptoms, depending on the location of the tumor, can include anemia, chronic sinusitis, hormonal changes, back pain, and scoliosis.
Desmoplastic tumors can be treated with radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or invasive procedures. Chemotherapy is usually the first thing that is attempted. Surgical removal of the tumor is also a popular treatment. Surgical removal can be challenging though, depending on the location of the tumor. If these two methods are not successful, radiation therapy is administered.
Symptoms of a desmoplastic tumor can also be treated. Embolism may be suggested as a way to provide temporary relief and also to minimize blood loss for a surgical procedure.