Diabetic nephropathy is not to be confused with diabetic neuropathy. Diabetic nephropathy is kidney damage or disease, and it can strike those with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
The kidneys filter bodily waste from the bloodstreamusing groups of tiny blood vessels called glomeruli. Uncontrolled blood sugar, high cholesterol, hypertension, anemia, smoking and obesity significantly raise the risk ofdeveloping diabetic nephropathy. Damage to the glomerulican greatly reduce or haltkidney function. However, when diagnosed early the damage may be reversible.
There are no signs or symptoms in the very early stages of diabetic nephropathy. It is very important for diabetics to have regular testing to check for protein in the urine. As kidney function worsens symptoms will develop.
It is of the utmost importance to treat and control medical conditions that contribute to diabetic nephropathy.