Fibromyalgia (Fibrositis)

What is Fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a condition where a person feels musculoskeletal pain all over the body and is hypersensitive to pressure. Additionally, sufferers of this disease may have cognitive issues, mood issues, and fatigue.

The cause of fibromyalgia is unknown, but too much stress and poor overall health can certainly contributors. Genetics and infections are likely to trigger the illness as well.

Women are more likely to develop the disorder instead of men. Post-traumatic disorder has also been linked to fibromy

Women are much more likely to develop fibromyalgia than are men. Many people who have fibromyalgia also have tension headaches, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, irritable bowel syndrome, anxiety and depression.

Researchers believe repeated nerve stimulation causes the brains of people with fibromyalgia to change. This change involves an abnormal increase in levels of certain chemicals in the brain that signal pain (neurotransmitters

What are the Symptoms of Fibromyalgia?

Symptoms include chronic muscle pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance, and painful tender points or trigger points, A symptom commonly referred to as “fibro fog” impairs the ability to focus, pay attention and concentrate on mental tasks.

Other symptoms include

Many people who have fibromyalgia also may experience depression, headaches, and pain or cramping in the lower abdomen, anxiety, stiffness.

How is Fibromyalgia Treated?

Since there is no cure for fibromyalgia, physicians can only address the medical and psychological symptoms.

Treatment includes

The treatment plan can include a series of approaches that go from medications to talk therapy to mitigate the chronic pain and discomfort.

Stress management and physical exercise together with relaxation techniques and psychotherapy (group or individual) are used to control pain and other psychological issues connected to the disease. Analgesic, nerve pain and muscle relaxant medications are often prescribed in combination with anti-inflammatory and Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) drugs.

This condition requires long-term follow-up monitoring and continuous physical therapy.

Last Reviewed:
September 13, 2016
Last Updated:
September 06, 2017