Hypertension is a common medical condition that is customarily referred to as high blood pressure. This condition causes the blood to travel through the arteries with an excessive amount of pressure. The force in which the blood presses on the artery walls can cause individuals to have heart problems, a stroke, kidney disease and hardening of the arteries.
Common causes of high blood pressure in adults include underlying medical conditions, such as thyroid issues, abnormal arteries and kidney problems. Factors that can contribute to individuals developing high blood pressure include smoking, obesity, aging, stress and a family history of the condition.