Sexual Transmitted Disease (STD)

What is a Sexual Transmitted Disease?

Sexually transmitted diseases, more commonly known as STDs, are passed from one sexual partner to another during sexual intercourse or through sexual touching.  They are infections that can be caused by viruses, parasites, yeast, or bacteria.  There are many types of STDs and some of them seem to be more common at certain times.

Some of the most common sexually transmitted diseases include genital warts, HPV, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis.

What are the Symptoms of a Sexual Transmitted Disease?

The symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases vary widely from one disease to another.  Some STDs do not even have any obvious symptoms, yet they can still be passed on to sexual partners.  You cannot usually see the symptoms of someone that has an STD so it is not simple to tell who is carrying and who is not.  The safest way to avoid STDs is to have protected sex.  Condoms, when used consistently and used properly are your best defense.

Some of the most common symptoms for STDs include:

  • Painful urination
  • Discharge that is painful or smelly
  • Bleeding
  • Abdominal pain
  • Genital pain (during sex or not during sex)
  • Burning
  • Swollen testicles (for men)
  • Heavy periods
  • Anal itching, vaginal itching, or itching inside the penis
  • Painful intercourse
  • Rashes
  • Soreness or aching

How is a Sexual Transmitted Disease Treated?

Treatment for sexually transmitted diseases varies from one disease to another but they should always be treated by a doctor. If you feel any of the above symptoms in combination, cease having sex immediately and see your doctor.  Sexually transmitted diseases do not go away by themselves and are contagious and easily spread from one partner to another.  Discuss your symptoms with your doctor and get tested immediately so that a course of treatment can be decided on.

Last Reviewed:
September 14, 2016
Last Updated:
September 20, 2017