Alitretinoin is in a drug class known as retinoids, which are related to vitamin A. It affects the development and growth of skin cells.
Alitretinoin is a topical medication that helps treat skin lesions brought about by Kaposi's sarcoma caused by AIDS.
It can also be used for other purposes not listed here.
Follow all instructions on the package and medicine label. Tell your healthcare provider about your allergies, medical conditions, as well as any medications you use.
Don't use this medication if you're allergic to it, tretinoin (Retin-A), or isotretinoin.
Before you apply this topical medication, let your healthcare giver know about all your allergies and medical disorders. Also make sure to tell your doctor if you're breastfeeding or pregnant.
If you're pregnant, don't apply Alitretinoin topical. It could hurt the unborn child. Use effective methods of birth control, and tell your healthcare giver if you get pregnant during treatment.
It's not clear whether this medication gets into human milk or if it might harm a breastfeeding baby. Don't breastfeed while using it.
Don't administer Alitretinoin on anyone under 18 without medical advice.
Many medications bring on side effects. The side effects may be minor or serious, temporary or permanent. The following Alitretinoin side effects aren't felt by everyone who uses this medicine. If the side effects bother you, discuss the pros and cons of using this medication with your doctor.
At least 1% of patients taking Alitretinoin have reported the side effects listed below. Many of them can be controlled, and some can gradually disappear on their own.
While the majority of the following side effects don't occur more often, they might result in serious issues if you don't seek medical attention or consult your doctor.
Some people may suffer other side effects not listed above. Consult your healthcare giver if you have any symptoms that trouble you while using Alitretinoin.
Follow all the medication's instruction on the label. Don't apply Alitretinoin topical in bigger or small quantities for longer than your doctor recommends.
Wash your hands prior to and after applying this medication, unless you're treating areas of skin on your hands.
Use this medicine only on affected skin lesions. Don't apply it on the healthy areas around the lesions.
Allow the medication three to five minutes to dry before covering the treated skin with a piece of cloth. Don't swim, shower, or bathe for at least three hours after using the medication.
Don't cover the treated area of skin using a bandage or other covering unless told by your doctor.
It can take at least 14 weeks before your symptoms ease. Keep using Alitretinoin as instructed and let your healthcare giver know if your symptoms don't improve.
Don't share Alitretinoin with anyone else, even if they've got similar symptoms.
An Alitretinoin overdose is usually not serious. Seek emergency treatment or contact your local poison control agency if anyone accidentally ingests the medicine.
Take the missed dose whenever you remember. If your next dose is just minutes away, skip that missed dose. Don't take extra medication to offset your missed dose.
Alitretinoin may interact with any of these drugs:
If you're using any of these medicines, consult your pharmacist/doctor. Depending on your particular case, your doctor may ask you to:
When two medications interact, this doesn't always mean you stop using one of them. Consult your healthcare giver about how drug interactions should be controlled or how they're controlled.
Other medications not listed above can interact with Alitretinoin. Tell your pharmacist/doctor about all the over-the-counter, prescription, or herbal medicines you are using. Also let them know if you're taking any supplements. As street drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, and caffeine can affect the function of many medicines, you should tell your doctor if you're using them.
Before you use this medication, inform your healthcare provider if you're allergic to vitamin A-related medicines like Alitretinoin, isotretinoin, or tretinoin. Let them know if you've got other allergies as well. Alitretinoin may have some inactive compounds, which can bring on allergic reactions or several other problems. Tell your pharmacist to get more details.
Before using Alitretinoin topical, disclose your medical history to your doctor/pharmacist, especially of a specific kind of cancer (i.e. skin T-cell lymphoma).
This medication can make one hypersensitive to the skin. Reduce the time you spend in the sunshine. Avoid sunlamps and tanning booths. Use sunscreen and put on protective clothing when you're outdoors. Inform your doctor as soon as you can if you have skin redness or blisters or you get sunburned.
This topical medicine is not to be used by pregnant women. Talk to your healthcare provider about the benefits and risks of this medication.
As Alitretinoin is absorbed via the skin and can harm the fetus. Pregnant women or those who are planning to get pregnant should avoid the medication.
It's uncertain whether Alitretinoin passes into human milk. Due to the potential risk to the baby, breastfeeding is not advisable while using this medication. Talk to your healthcare giver before breastfeeding.
Honor all your doctor's appointments. Alitretinoin is only for external use. Don't allow it to get into your mouth, nostrils, eyes, or broken skin. Don't swallow it.
Don't apply bandages, dressings, lotions, cosmetics, or other skin medicines to the part being treated unless you're told to by your doctor.
Don't allow anyone to use your medicine. Ask your pharmacist/doctor any questions about getting a new prescription. Let your doctor know if the condition of your skin doesn't improve, or if it worsens.
It's vital to keep a list of all non-prescription or prescription medicines you're using, as well as any products like minerals, vitamins, or dietary supplements. Take this list to your doctor each time you visit them or you're admitted to hospital. It's also vital to have this list on hand in case of an emergency.