Cefprozil (Oral)

Cefprozil is an effective treatment for infections of all types, although it does not work on viral infections such as the flu and the common cold.

Overview

Patients that are suffering from bacterial infections often receive relief from their symptoms when taking cefprozil as long as they are not caused by a virus. This drug is effective because it kills bacteria and also prevents the bacteria from growing any further.

Typically, cefprozil is prescribed for conditions such as sore throats, sinusitis, bronchitis, ear infections, skin infections, and tonsillitis. Any type of flu, cold, or other viral infection will not respond to cefprozil and thus it should not be taken by patients suffering from those ailments.

The drug can be administered in both tablet and liquid form. If you are prescribed the liquid form it is important to store it in the refrigerator.

Cefprozil does not interact with many major drugs with Probenecid being the only one. If you are currently taking this drug, or have taken it in the recent past, be sure to discuss this with your doctor. They may alter your dosage of cefprozil or prescribe another drug altogether. Be sure to always inform your prescribing doctor and pharmacist of all the drugs and medications that you are taking. This includes both prescription and non-prescription drugs as well as herbal remedies and vitamin and mineral supplements.

This medication can cause severe diarrhea and if you suffer from this ailment, be sure to confer with your doctor before you take any anti-diarrhea medications as they can prolong the affliction or even make it worse. If any side effects continue to linger more than a few days or appear to become worse, it is advised that you contact your prescribing doctor as soon as possible. While most side effects do go away on their own, instances where they last more than a few days may be a sign of a more serious problem.

Be sure to take cefprozil for the entire 10-day course of treatment for however long your doctor prescribes it to you as the entire dosage is necessary to ensure that the infection does not return. Many patients report relief from their symptoms after only one or two doses but, even in such cases, the entire dosage cycle should be taken.

Children who are suffering from an infection may be prescribed cefprozil by their pediatrician or family doctor. The dosage amounts for use of cefprozil by children will vary and is typically based on their weight. Be sure to follow the exact instructions provided by your pediatrician or family doctor and contact them with any questions or concerns that you may have while your child is taking this drug.

This drug is an effective treatment for most general infections and should be taken as prescribed for the most effective outcome.

Condition(s) Treated

  • Infection (General infection throughout the entire body, but is not an effective treatment for virus infections)

Type of Medicine

  • Cephalosporin Antibiotic

Side Effects

Your doctor will advise you of the expected side effects that can occur in patients that are taking cefprozil. If you experience any of the symptoms listed below it is important that you inform your doctor and follow whatever direction they give to you.

Less likely

  • style="font-weight: 400;">Black, tarry stools
  • Swollen glands
  • Shortness of breath
  • 400;">Fever or chills
  • Cough
  • Hoarseness
  • Painful or difficult urination
  • Lower back or side pain
  • Sore throat sores
  • 400;">Ulcers
  • White spots on the lips or in the mouth
  • Diarrhea
  • Unusual bleeding or bruising
  • 400;">Chest pain
  • Unusual tiredness or weakness

Unlikely

  • Abdominal or stomach cramps, pain, or tenderness
  • Watery or bloody diarrhea
  • Blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
  • Unusual weight loss
  • Blood in the urine or stools
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Dark urine
  • Shortness of breath
  • A difficulty with swallowing
  • Red skin lesions, often with a purple center
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
  • 400;">Headache
  • Pain
  • Increased thirst
  • Muscle aches
  • Itching
  • Loss of appetite
  • Large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
  • Joint or muscle pain
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Inflammation of the joints
  • Pinpoint red spots on the skin
  • 400;">Hives
  • Rash
  • The feeling of discomfort
  • Red, irritated eyes
  • 400;">Dizziness
  • Swollen lymph glands
  • Diarrhea, watery and severe, which may also be bloody
  • Unpleasant breath odor
  • Clay-colored stools
  • Vomiting of blood
  • Bloating
  • Wheezing
  • Bleeding gums
  • Yellow eyes or skin

Unknown Likelihood

  • Back, leg, or stomach pains
  • Pale skin
  • Bloody or cloudy urine
  • High fever
  • A decrease in urine output or decrease in urine-concentrating ability
  • General body swelling
  • The general feeling of tiredness or weakness
  • Fever with or without chills
  • A difficulty with breathing
  • Nosebleeds
  • Bloody, black, or tarry stools
  • Sudden decrease in the amount of urine
  • Bleeding gums
  • Swollen or painful glands

There are additional side effects that will likely go away on their own as your system becomes used to the medication. If they do not dissipate on their own or become worse than you should notify your physician and follow their instructions. If you experience any of the following symptoms and are concerned that they are not going away it is always best practice to contact your doctor.

Less likely

  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Itching or pain of the vagina or genital area
  • Thick, white vaginal discharge with no odor or with a mild odor

Unlikely

  • Confusion
  • Unable to sleep
  • Nervousness
  • Difficulty with sleeping
  • Restlessness
  • Trouble sitting still
  • Sleeplessness
  • Hives or welts
  • Sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
  • Redness of the skin

There are additional side effects that can occur that are not listed. As always, it is a good idea to consult with your pharmacist or prescribing doctor if you have any concerns or questions about the side effects that you are experiencing. Never hesitate to ask your healthcare provider for advice or guidance when taking a medication, as it is always better to consult with them about any side effects that are of concern to you.

Dosage

Be sure to follow all directions that you receive from your doctor and be careful to never take a double dose of the medication. If you miss a dose you should take the medication immediately unless it is close to the time for the next dosage. If you are unsure what to do in the event of a missed dosage, it is always best to check with your pharmacist or prescribing doctor for advice.

Many patients report that they feel better after one or two doses of the medication and even in these cases it is important that you take the cefprozil for the entire recommended course of treatment that is recommended by your doctor.

As the drug is often prescribed in liquid form it is important to use a proper liquid measure rather than relying upon common kitchen teaspoons and tablespoons.

Children under the age of 14 should only take cefprozil as directed by their pediatrician or family doctor and parents should be aware that the dosage prescribed to adult patients.

Doses may vary between patients and you should always follow the prescribed amount recommended by your doctor. There are different ailments that are treated with cefprozil and the dosage can vary due to the reason that you are taking it.

Bronchitis: 500mg every 12 hours for a total course of treatment lasting 10 days.

Ear Infection: for infants six months old to children younger than 13, the typical dose is based on body weight and will be determined by your physician. One guideline is 15mg per kilogram every 12 hours for a complete course of treatment of 10 days.

Children who are older than 13 are typically prescribed the same dosage as adults which is 250mg to 500mg given every 12 hours for a period of 10 days.

Sinusitis: adults and children 13 years of age and older 250mg to 500mg administered every 12 hours for 10 continuous days.

Children should follow the direction of their pediatrician or family doctor although the typical guideline is 7.5mg to 15mg for every kilogram that they weigh.

Skin Infections: children over the age of 12 and adults are typically prescribed the same dosage of 250mg to 500mg once every 12 hours for a 10-day course of treatment.

Children between the ages of six months and 12 years old are usually prescribed 20mg of cefprozil for every kilogram that they weigh.

Tonsilitis and Sore Throat: the typical recommended dosage for children 13 and older as well as adults is 500mg every 12 hours for a 10-day cycle. For children aged two to 12, the dosage is again based on weight with 7.5mg for every kilogram of weight taken every 12 hours for a 10-day medication cycle.

For all ailments, it is recommended that parents of infants six months old and younger consult with their pediatrician for dosage amounts.

If you are unsure of the appropriate dosage for your child, it is always best practice to consult with your pharmacist or prescribing physician for clarification.

Major Drug Interactions

Probenecid is the only drug that is contra-indicated with cefprozil and if you are currently taking probenecid your doctor may alter your dosage amount or the frequency with which you take your medication. In other instances, they may choose to change one of the medications completely. Prior to beginning any new medication, be sure to have a comprehensive conversation with your doctor and inform them of all medications that you are taking. Be sure to include all prescription and non-prescription drugs as well as any over-the-counter medications. Also, let them know of any herbal remedies or vitamin or mineral supplements that you are using.

In addition to the probenecid, there are other medical conditions that are of concern when taking cefprozil for the treatment of infection.

  • Colitis and other digestive issues
  • 400;">Phenylketonuria
  • Kidney Disease
  • Severe Diarrhea

If you are suffering from any of the conditions above, be sure to consult with your doctor prior to starting treatment with cefprozil as an antibacterial.

Warnings

This medication has been known to cause severe diarrhea in some patients. If you suffer from this while taking cefprozil and experience severe diarrhea it is important to check with your doctor prior to taking any anti-diarrhea medication as the combination may cause your diarrhea to worsen.

One of the most important instructions that must be followed is that the entire course of treatment is followed as prescribed. Even though some patients report that their symptoms begin to get better after just one or two doses, it is important that the entire course of treatment is followed for the 10-day period. If you begin to feel better after the first few doses, you should still take all of the medication that is prescribed by your doctor.

The use of cefprozil for the treatment of ear infections and sinus issues in children aged six months to 12 years old has been determined to be safe and effective. It is not advised that this medication be used for the treatment of ear infections and sinus issues in infants younger than six months old. Treatment of skin infections and sore throats in children that are aged two to 12 is effectively treated by cefprozil, however, this medication is not advised for use in children younger than the age of two who suffer from skin infections and sore throats.

Due to the increased likelihood of age-related kidney issues, older patients that are using cefprozil are advised to work closely with their prescribing physician to monitor the affect that cefprozil has on these vital organs.

Storage

It is always best to store all medications in their original packaging. Do not allow the medication to be exposed to excessive heat, direct light, or cold or to freeze. Keep away from moisture and store somewhere other than the bathroom.

As with all medications, it is important to keep cefprozil out of the reach of children.

If you are prescribed the liquid form of the drug than it should be stored in the refrigerator with any excess disposed of after a period of 14 days.

If you end up with excess or expired medication be sure to ask your prescribing doctor or pharmacist on the proper and best way to dispose of the drug. It is not advisable to throw away any medications or to flush them down the toilet.

Summary

Cefprozil is an effective antibiotic that is used in the treatment of ailments such as ear and skin infections, bronchitis, tonsillitis, and sore throats. It is important to note that this drug will work in the treatment of flu or common colds or any other viral infection. It is available in both tablet and liquid form with the liquid being the preferred method of administration for children taking cefprozil.

This medication is known to cause severe diarrhea in some patients. Be sure to inform your doctor if you do experience this side effect as they will want to monitor the severity to ensure that you do not become dehydrated or begin to experience worsening symptoms. Consult with your prescribing doctor prior to taking any anti-diarrhea medications as it has been reported to worsen the ailment or cause it to last longer. Your doctor can provide further advice on how to best deal with this condition and how to reduce the occurrence of the side effects.

When taking cefprozil for the treatment of an infection it is very important that the entire course of treatment be followed exactly as prescribed. Even though some patients report that their symptoms dissipate after 1 to 2 doses, the infection can linger, return, or worsen if you do not take the entire prescribed dose.