Chloroxine (Topical)

Chloroxine is a topical medication used to treat seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp or dandruff.

Overview:

Chloroxine helps patients suffering from eczema, seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp, psoriasis, cradle cap or dandruff. It works by preventing the growth of fungus and bacteria on the scalp. This medication is only available with a prescription from your doctor. It's available in cream and shampoo forms. Chloroxine is can be described as a synthetic quinolone derivative with antibacterial qualities. Applying this medication topically reduces the appearance of scales on the skin or scalp. This medication can be used to treat psoriasis and eczema.

Chloroxine has been shown to hold up mitotic movement in the skin. In the US, chloroxine may be more commonly known as capitrol. This medication isn't known to have any major drug interactions and minimal, if any, side effects.

Condition(s) Treated:

  • Seborrheic dermatitis
  • Dandruff
  • Eczema
  • Cradle cap
  • Psoriasis

Type of Medicine:

  • Dermatological agent

Side effects:

Some medications can cause undesirable side effects. You may not experience every side effect listed, but if you do, you may need to seek medical attention. Talk to your healthcare provider as quickly as you can once you notice any of the following:

  • Skin rash
  • Burning or irritation of the scalp that wasn't existent prior to using chloroxine

Certain side effects do not require medical attention. This is because they usually disappear on their own during the course of treatment. Sometimes, your body just needs a little bit of time to adapt to the medication. Consult your physician about ways to alleviate any side effects you experience. If these side effects become troublesome or last too long, contact your healthcare provider.

  • Increased itching or dryness of the scalp

Some patients have shown signs of other side effects not listed here. If you happen to experience something other than the ones provided, call your healthcare provider, as they can assist you with reporting your side effects to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Dosage:

The dosage of this medication varies from patient to patient, as is the case with most medications. Also, the number of doses you use every day, as well as the time in between each dose, will depend on which problem you're using this medication for. The length of time you use it will also be dependent on your medical condition. Follow the advice of your healthcare provider, or the instructions on the medicine label. If the dosage given to you by your healthcare provider is different than the one shown here, stick to what you've been told. Do not change your dosage without your doctor's consent.

Avoid using this medication if your scalp is raw, blistered, or oozing anything unless your doctor tells you otherwise. Keep this medication out of your eyes while using the shampoo form. If you get some in your eyes accidentally, rinse them with cool water exhaustively. If your eye becomes irritated afterwards, talk to your healthcare provider.

Wash your hands before using the shampoo. Make sure your skin is clean and dry. Shake the shampoo well before using it. Then, rinse your hair with lukewarm water before applying some of the shampoo. Use enough to get it lathered and massage it into your scalp. Leave it on for approximately three minutes before rinsing. Repeat the steps again and rinse your scalp thoroughly, massaging as you rinse out any remaining residue. Adults generally use this treatment twice per week, while children must consult their pediatricians on how frequently to use this medication. You should use it as often as is recommended by your doctor.

Avoid washing your hair as you normally would after using chloroxine shampoo. Do not put other products on the treated area afterwards either, unless your doctor says it's OK. Try not to use too much of the shampoo, use only a thin layer or a small amount to avoid "pilling". Also be sure not to get any of this medication in your nose or mouth.

Drug Interactions:

Certain medications can cause interactions with other medications when they're used at the same time. It's important to let your physician know what other medications you're taking before starting any new medications. In some cases, your doctor will have to adjust the dosage of either one or both of the medications you're taking. When communicating this information to your healthcare providers, be sure to mention any nonprescription medications as well, as they can cause interactions as well. Tell your doctor if you're taking any vitamins or herbal supplements, too.

Certain foods, animals, dyes, or preservatives can cause interactions. Talk to your doctor about your diet. Smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol can also sometimes interfere with the medications you're taking. Discuss your lifestyle and habits with your doctor as well to be sure that you're not causing yourself any unnecessary harm by inducing an interaction that could've been avoided.

Warnings:

Chloroxine can cause slight discolouration to lightly coloured hair. For instance, blond, grey, or bleached hair may be discoloured while using chloroxine. Therefore, you should take caution not to get any in your eyes, in which case, you would have to flush them with cold water.

If you're pregnant and/or breastfeeding, talk to your doctor about using chloroxine. Studies have not been able to determine whether using this medication poses a risk to your unborn baby, which is why you must weigh the risks against the benefits and decide whether you're going to move forward and use the medication. Chloroxine should only be used during pregnancy if absolutely necessary. Discuss any concerns you might have with your healthcare provider.

Chloroxine has not been adequately studied in elderly patients, which is why it isn't clear whether it will work the same way as it does in younger patients. It is also unknown whether it causes more distinctive side effects than it does in younger patients.

Tell your doctor if you have any allergies to any medications and whether you're allergic to chloroxine. Also be sure to talk to your doctor regarding any other type of allergies you have, such as to animals, preservatives, dyes, or foods. Reading the labels on any nonprescription medications are advised to avoid a potential allergic reaction to the medication itself or one of the ingredients.

If your symptoms do not improve, or if they fail to go away after using chloroxine for the recommended time period, call your doctor as soon as possible.

This medication is intended to be used on the scalp only. Do not use it anywhere other than that, as it can be dangerous if consumed. Do not share your medication with anyone and do not use anyone else's medication. Some patients have reported a burning sensation on the scalp and nearby areas. Redness of the scalp or mild irritation has been reported in some patients. Call your healthcare provider right away if you notice a skin rash, or swelling or burning of your scalp.

This medication is not known to interfere with any laboratory tests, and no major drug interactions have been reported. Tell your healthcare provider about any illnesses or injuries you might have prior to treatment. Tell your doctor about any other medications you're taking or any other similar products you're using to treat your medical condition, especially skin products, or other shampoos for psoriasis or dandruff.

Storage:

Store your chloroxine in a closed jar or similar container. Make sure it's kept at room temperature (between 59 degrees F and 86 degrees F) to avoid any extreme heat, direct light, or moisture. Avoid freezing this medication and be sure to choose a place where small children or pets don't have easy access to it. Put it up and out of sight and reach to avoid accidental overdose.

In case of an accidental overdose, contact a poison control center immediately, or seek emergency medical attention.

Avoid keeping this medication for longer than you need it. If you're no longer using it, consider finding a way to properly dispose of it. If you're unsure, talk to your healthcare provider, or your local pharmacist about how to safely dispose of unused or expired medication.

Summary:

While chloroxine can be a beneficial medication for patients suffering from conditions of the skin, it can pose a serious risk to patients who fail to communicate fully with their healthcare providers. It's important to let your doctor know if you're allergic to any medications, or anything else. Chloroxine is beneficial for patients in that it can help greatly improve their confidence, and subsequently, their lives as a whole.

When used correctly, chloroxine can provide great relief to those suffering from dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp. This medication can be used in the cream or shampoo forms. Your doctor can provide you instructions on how to correctly use each form of chloroxine, as well as how frequently and how long you should use it. You and your healthcare provider, whether a doctor or physician assistant, can work together to determine the right dosage for your specific medical condition.