Eprosartan (Oral)

Eprosartan helps to lower high blood pressure and is most effective when used in sync with a comprehensive treatment plan.

Overview

Eprosartan is indicated for the treatment of high blood pressure, otherwise known as hypertension. It may be prescribed alone or in conjunction with other medicines to keep the condition under control.

Medical experts know that blood pressure levels must be consistently regulated to prevent damage to important organs such as the heart, kidneys, and brain.

When blood pressure levels remain high, the heart works overtime and this subsequently puts a strain on the arteries. If left untreated, the chances of getting a stroke, heart attack, or organ failure increases exponentially.

The best way to avoid these scenarios is to normalize high blood pressure with the help of drugs like Eprosartan. This medicine typically supplements a comprehensive management plan entailing:

  • A Strict Diet
  • Regular Exercise
  • Participation in Stress Reduction Programs
  • Low-Sodium Intake
  • Meditation

The combination of these therapies is studied to improve the efficacy of Eprosartan and/or other antihypertensive medicines.

Hypertension Numbers in the United States

According to the CDC, hypertension is a growing problem in the United States, with 1 in every 3 adults suffering from this chronic condition. The total estimated population is 75 million adults.

What's Considered High Blood Pressure

Your doctor will complete a noninvasive test to determine blood pressure levels. Hypertension is the term used to describe the following readings:

  • Diastolic Blood Pressure: 90 mmHg or More
  • Systolic Blood Pressure: 140 mmHg or More

Prehypertension

Some patients may also have prehypertension. This is defined as having a:

  • Diastolic Blood Pressure of 80-89 mmHg or More
  • Systolic Blood Pressure of 120-139 mmHg or More

Hypertension Risk Factors

Certain lifestyle habits place patients at an increased risk of developing high blood pressure. A few examples include:

  • Smoking Cigarettes
  • A High Sodium Diet
  • A Low Potassium Diet
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • A Sedentary Lifestyle
  • Heavy Alcohol Intake

How It Works

Eprosartan functions by inhibiting elements in the body that promote the constriction of blood vessels. When these passageways are open and relaxed, it facilitates a healthy supply of blood and oxygen to the heart.

Eprosartan is only available with a prescription from a medical provider. It is sold under the U.S. brand name Teveten.

Eprosartan is also indicated for other conditions, including diabetes and congestive heart failure. However, for the purposes of this article, the focus remains on its core role as an antihypertensive agent.

Conditions Treated?

  • Hypertension, High Blood Pressure

Type Of Medicine?

  • Angiotensin II Receptor Blocker (ARB), Antihypertensive Agent

Side Effects

Eprosartan may cause negative side effects to occur. The most widely noted adverse reactions to this drug include:

  • Fluctuations in Urinary Output
  • Pain or Burning During Urination
  • Cold or Flu-Like Symptoms Including Coughing, Sore Throat or Fevers
  • Blurred Vision

Most of these side effects go away with time as the body becomes acclimated to the drug. If your symptoms persist, do not hesitate to contact your medical provider.

Rare Side Effects

In rare cases, Eprosartan may cause:

  • Dizzy or Fainting Spells
  • Lethargy or Drowsiness
  • Pain in the Muscles or Joints
  • Pain in the Stomach
  • Swelling in Different Areas (Face, Tongue, Joints)
  • Sexual Dysfunction

Dosage

Prescriptions are generally customized based on the patient's age, weight, medical history as well as the medication's strength and usage. As a result, the dosage amounts vary from one patient to another.

A few important things to note include:

  • Do Not Take More of the Medicine Than Prescribed
  • Do Not Share This Medicine with Other Members of Your Household
  • Do Not Stop Taking the Medicine Unless You Consult with Your Doctor
  • Do Not Run Out of the Medicine (Get Refills on Time)

Eprosartan is supplied in the form of 400 mg or 600 mg in the United States. It works best when it's taken on a regular basis.

Average Doses

The recommended doses for Eprosartan tablets that are taken by mouth include:

  • Children: Varies by Patient
  • Adults: 400-800 mg | 1x Daily or Half this Dose 2x Daily

Note: Eprosartan can be taken with or without meals.

Missed Doses

Occasionally, patients forget to take the scheduled dose of Eprosartan. If this happens, take it as soon as you remember. To avoid overdose, do not double the medicine within a 24-hour period. If the time is drawing near for the next scheduled dose, skip the missed dose and restart the regular schedule.

For overdose concerns, contact 911 or The American Association of Poison Control Centers at 1(800) 222-1222.

Interactions

To lower the risk of negative drug interactions, keep a full list of all current medications and provide it to your doctor at every appointment.

Drug Interactions

Adverse reactions have been observed for patients taking Eprosartan in conjunction with these medicines:

  • Felbinac
  • Tiaprofenic Acid
  • Propionic Acid
  • Trandolapril
  • Dipyrone
  • Niflumic Acid
  • Propyphenazone
  • Fenoprofen
  • Morniflumate
  • Rofecoxib
  • Loxoprofen
  • Diclofenac
  • Proquazone
  • Mefenamic Acid
  • Ibuprofen
  • Salsalate
  • Valdecoxib
  • Fosinopril
  • Meloxicam
  • Oxaprozin
  • Proglumetacin
  • Lumiracoxib
  • Quinapril
  • Bromfenac
  • Nabumetone
  • Diflunisal
  • Lithium
  • Ketorolac
  • Tolfenamic Acid
  • Dexibuprofen
  • Celecoxib
  • Amtolmetin Guacil
  • Etodolac
  • Choline Salicylate
  • Droxicam
  • Nepafenac
  • Aliskiren
  • Perindopril
  • Sodium Salicylate
  • Tenoxicam
  • Naproxen
  • Fepradinol
  • Meclofenamate
  • Lisinopril
  • Salicylic Acid
  • Flurbiprofen
  • Tolmetin
  • Enalapril
  • Aceclofenac
  • Feprazone
  • Moexipril
  • Etofenamate
  • Piketoprofen
  • Sulindac
  • Phenylbutazone
  • Nimesulide
  • Ramipril
  • Indomethacin
  • Ketoprofen
  • Bufexamac
  • Captopril
  • Enalaprilat
  • Dexketoprofen
  • Flufenamic Acid
  • Nimesulide Beta Cyclodextrin
  • Benazepril
  • Acemetacin
  • Parecoxib
  • Piroxicam
  • Trimethoprim
  • Lornoxicam
  • Etoricoxib
  • Oxyphenbutazone
  • Clonixin
  • Floctafenine

Underlying Medical Conditions

Certain drugs interact negatively with pre-existing conditions and vice versa. To elaborate:

1. Eprosartan could worsen certain medical conditions
2. Underlying ailments could affect the way this medicine works

As a result, tell your doctor if you have a history of any of the below conditions:

  • Congestive Heart Failure
  • Dehydration
  • Diabetes
  • Heart Health Issues
  • Kidney Issues
  • Low Sodium

If Eprosartan is still needed to control hypertension, extra precautions will be taken by healthcare providers. Some of the top action plans in these cases include:

  • Modifying Dosage Amounts
  • Closely Monitoring Patients

Warnings

Before using Eprosartan, read the insert label included with your prescription. Some of the main precautions for taking this medicine include:

Timeline for Effectiveness

It may take days before you experience results after commencing treatment with Eprosartan. Continue taking the medicine as prescribed even if at-home readings do not show a reduction in blood pressure levels within the first three weeks.

Alternatively, the signs of hypertension often go unnoticed by patients. It is, however, important to continue taking Eprosartan even if you don't experience any of the common warning signs of hypertension.

Eprosartan is not a cure for hypertension. It helps to regulate it when used together with mindful eating and lifestyle habits. To help maintain normal blood pressure levels, take the medicine continuously as directed by your healthcare provider.

Some patients may need to take this medicine for life to keep high blood pressure levels under control. Additionally, Eprosartan may be prescribed with other medications. Be sure to take all your prescriptions for best results.

The Importance of Diet

The successful treatment of hypertension involves taking an all-inclusive approach to care. High blood pressure medicines work best when used in tandem with a healthy lifestyle. Your doctor may advise you to:

  • Monitor Your Weight
  • Eat Low-Sodium Foods
  • Exercise Regularly

However, it is always best to consult with your primary care provider before commencing any dietary changes.

Regular Checkups

Your medical provider will schedule regular checkups when Eprosartan is prescribed. These are set up to determine how well patients are coping with the treatment and if adjustments are needed.

More importantly, blood tests and other lab work are performed to verify if the medicine is working as it should.

Pregnancy

Eprosartan is not considered safe for use in pregnancy, especially during the second and third trimesters. The medicine may cause serious adverse effects in fetuses.

To prevent pregnancy while using this medicine, ask your doctor about family planning options. If you get pregnant during treatment, inform your medical provider immediately.

Lactation

Medical researchers are unsure if this medicine secretes into human milk. However, animal studies confirm traces in trial participants' milk. If you are breastfeeding, inform your doctor before starting Eprosartan.

Fainting Spells

One of the most commonly reported side effects of Eprosartan is fainting. Some precautions include:

  • Arranging a Plan of Action' Plan steps to take if you feel faint while driving or operating heavy machinery. Some suggestions include pulling over and calling 911 for help.
  • Get Up and Sit Slowly 'You may feel lightheaded if you get up or sit down too quickly. Doctors, therefore, suggest making a conscious effort to move slowly when completing these actions.
  • Lay Flat on the Ground ' To help prevent head and other injuries, lay down quickly on a flat surface if you feel faint, lightheaded, or dizzy.
  • Alert Friends and Family' Tell your loved ones about the potential side effects of using Eprosartan and how to react in the event of an emergency.
  • Wear a Medical Bracelet' As an extra precaution, doctors recommend wearing a medical bracelet to inform EMTs of preexisting conditions and current medications in the event of a medical emergency.

Dehydration

You may develop nausea or diarrhea while using Eprosartan. When you become sick, it's common to deplete the body's water supply and become dehydrated. If your symptoms persist, contact your medical provider.

Additionally, during the hot summer months, you may perspire more and become dehydrated. To prevent this from happening, drink copious amounts of water on a regular basis.

High Potassium

In rare cases, Eprosartan may cause high levels of potassium in the blood. Some of the warning signs of this condition include:

  • Limpness
  • Abnormal Heartbeat

If you notice these symptoms, contact 911 immediately.

Note: Using Eprosartan in conjunction with other medicines such as birth control pills or ACE inhibitors increases the risk of developing high potassium levels.

Hypersensitivities

Eprosartan may cause allergic reactions to occur, especially in patients with a history of hypersensitivities. Tell your doctor if you have any past incidences of allergic reactions to foods, preservatives, dyes, or animal products.

Additionally, watch out for severe allergic reactions by noting these symptoms:

If you suspect an allergic reaction, contact 911 right away.

Over the Counter Medicines

Do not take Eprosartan with other drugs unless you have consulted your medical provider. This includes any nonprescription or over the counter drugs, such as:

  • Appetite Control Medicines
  • Hay Fever or Allergy Medicines
  • Herbs
  • NSAIDs
  • OTCs for Cold, Coughs, or the Flu
  • Sinus Medicines
  • Vitamins

These medicines may cause spikes in blood pressure levels.

Alcohol

The use of alcohol should be limited when undergoing treatment with Eprosartan.

Storage

Store Eprosartan in the original container at room temperatures of 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F). Keep away from direct sunlight, heat, moisture, or humidity.

Other storage instructions include tightening the seal after each use and never placing the bottle in a freezer.

If your doctor has told you to stop taking this medicine for any reason, discard of any unused portions by taking it to a local pharmacy.

As always prescription and nonprescription medicines should be kept out of the reach of children and pets. In the event of accidental use, contact 911 or the American Association of Poison Control Centers at 1(800) 222-1222.

Summary

Eprosartan is a hypertensive treatment for lowering high blood pressure or hypertension. It is generally used in combination with diet, exercise, and other medicines to keep blood pressure levels under control. In most patient cases, this medicine is prescribed for prolonged periods or life.

Forgoing the treatment of high blood pressure could possibly result in serious and potentially fatal conditions, such as a stroke, heart attack, or kidney failure. It is therefore important to complete the full treatment schedule prescribed even if you feel better while using Eprosartan.

Eprosartan is taken one or two times daily by mouth. Be sure to set up reminders to keep on track and better manage hypertension.

The medicine works by smoothening the vascular muscles, which subsequently results in better blood and oxygen flow to the heart. Eprosartan is not a cure for hypertension. However, with diet, exercise, and other drugs, it is possible to keep high blood pressure under control.

Eprosartan is predominantly used by adult patients and generally well tolerated by most users.