Gallium Citrate Ga 67 (Intravenous)

Gallium Citrate Ga 67 is a diagnostic radiopharmaceutical injection that is used specifically to find and treat diseases, including several forms of cancer. This radioactive agent can also be used to study the function of the body.

Overview

Gallium Citrate Ga 67 is used primarily to help in the diagnosis of a variety of health conditions. This can include lymphoma, lung cancer or Hodgkin's disease.

As a radiopharmaceutical, this diagnostic tool can allow doctors to accurately examine specific body functions and see if you demonstrate signs of more severe illness, such as acute swollen lesions.

Due to the diagnostic nature of Gallium Citrate Ga 67, it is used in a clinical, controlled environment. This medicine can only be given by a qualified doctor or medical professional with specific training in nuclear-based medicine.

Conditions Treated

  • Diagnosis of specific forms of cancer, including lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease and lung cancer

Type Of Medicine

  • Solution

Side Effects

There are several required side effects of Gallium Citrate Ga 67, but as well as these needed effects this medication may result in other, unwanted side effects. It is unlikely that all of the listed side effects will occur. Should some of these side effects happen during or after a diagnostic test using Gallium Citrate Ga 67, you should get medical support as soon as possible.

Speak to your doctor as soon as possible should any of the following listed side effects occur:

  • Wheezing
  • Unusual tiredness or weakness
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Skin rash
  • Shortness of breath
  • Reddening of the skin, especially around the ears
  • Puffiness or swelling of the face, eyelids, lips, or tongue
  • Nausea
  • Itching
  • Hives
  • Fever
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Dizziness
  • Difficulty with breathing or with swallowing
  • Cough

In addition to the above-listed side effects, other effects may occur during and after taking Gallium Citrate Ga 67 for diagnostic testing. Often, these side effects will reduce during the time you take this medicine, or go away following you ceasing to take this medication. Should these side effects become problematic over time, do not reduce or continue for longer than expected, speak to a relevant medical professional. They will be able to support you in overcoming or negating side effects and can advise on the best way to do so, if possible.

Should any of the below-listed conditions occur during the time you take Gallium Citrate Ga 67, you do not need to contact a health professional immediately. But if your condition continues to worsen, you should speak to your doctor as soon as you can:

  • Any of the following of the skin at the injection site:

O Warmth

O Ulceration

O Tingling

O Tenderness

O Swelling

O Stinging

O Soreness

O Scarring

O Redness

O Rash

O Pressure

O Pain

O Numbness

O Lumps

O Itching

O Inflammation

O Infection

O Hives

O Discoloration

O Coldness

O Burning

O Blistering

O Bleeding

  • Unusually warm skin
  • Itching (severe)
  • Flushing or redness of the skin

During treatment with Gallium Citrate Ga 67, you may also experience other side effects that are not listed above. This is not always a cause for concern, but if you experience other unexpected conditions following Gallium Citrate Ga 67 diagnosis testing you should speak to a doctor as soon as possible.

The first person you should speak to regarding any side effects should be your doctor or a relevant medical professional. Also, you can report your side effects directly to the FDA on the number 1-800-FDA-1088.

Dosage

The usual and recommended adult dosage of Gallium Citrate Ga 67, based on an average weight of 70kg, is between 74 to 185 megabecquerels (2 to 5 millicuries). This medication is injected intravenously before any diagnosis takes place.

Around 10% of Gallium Citrate Ga 67 that is administered is likely to be excreted following injection via feces, within the first week. Due to this, it's essential that the patient is also prescribed laxatives or enemas to ensure that images and diagnosis can be as accurate as possible. This makes sure that the bowel is cleared of all radioactive material and the chance of false-positive results are significantly reduced.

Interaction:

Certain medications should not be used at the same time as each other. This is because, when it comes to certain chemicals and types of medication, an interaction may occur that can vary in severity depending on the level of interaction and dosage. In certain cases, your doctor may choose to look at the dosages and times taken of all your medications, and advise you on precautions that may be taken to avoid interaction. In some cases, it may be required that you stop or change a form of medication.

When this diagnostic test is prescribed to you, it is important that your doctor is fully aware of your medical history. This should include all medications you are currently taking, and have recently taken, including over the counter medicines, herbal supplements and even vitamins. This ensures your doctor has an informed decision regarding you taking a diagnostic test with Gallium Citrate Ga 67.

Taking a diagnostic test that uses Gallium Citrate Ga 67 when taking any of the following medications can result in an increased risk of side effects and interaction. However, in some cases taking both medicines may be the best course of treatment for you. If both of these drugs are prescribed at the same time, your doctor will be able to advise you on the best way to take them together.

O Gallium Nitrate

Specific medicines and diagnostic drugs cannot be taken or used around specific eating schedules, due to their potential interaction with food. Eating certain types of food, or consuming tobacco or alcohol during the time of taking certain medications can also result in side effects or interactions that vary in severity. It's important that your doctor is aware of your diet, and your consumption of tobacco and alcohol, before your prescription of any medication.

In addition, the presence of medical conditions or problems can result in interaction and can lead to less accuracy during testing with Gallium Citrate Ga 67. Ensure your doctor is aware of your medical history, especially the following conditions:

O Liver disease

Warnings

When receiving Gallium Citrate Ga 67, it is important that your doctor can monitor your condition closely. This will both ensure that your medication is working as it should and that it is not causing any issues or interactions. This will also allow your doctor to decide if you should continue to take this medicine.

Due to the nature of Gallium Citrate Ga 67, during diagnostics with the medicine, you may be exposed to radiation. Speak to your doctor if you have any worries about this.

Gallium Citrate Ga 67 also contains a chemical called benzyl alcohol. This can cause serious reactions in newborns, premature infants or low-birthweight babies, as well as patients with liver disease. Talk to your doctor about this if you are concerned.

The vial stopper used for Gallium Citrate Ga 67 contains a dry natural rubber, which can cause an allergic reaction in people who are sensitive or allergic to latex. If you have a latex allergy, inform your doctor before taking this medicine.

Inform your doctor if you have ever had any negative or allergic reaction to Gallium Citrate Ga 67 or any other drug. Also let your healthcare professional know if you have had any other forms of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals.

Gallium Citrate Ga 67 is listed as FDA category C. This indicates that animal studies have shown some adverse effect, or that not enough human-based studies have been performed for an informed listing of this medicine. If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, speak to your doctor as soon as possible before taking this drug.

Studies in women breastfeeding while taking Gallium Citrate Ga 67 have demonstrated harmful effects to the infant. Either an alternative to this medication should be prescribed for diagnostic testing, or you should no longer breastfeed while taking this medication.

Storage

The contents of the Gallium Citrate Ga 67 vial are radioactive, and adequate shielding and handling precautions must be maintained during storage. This medication should always be kept in a safe, locked space and stored at controlled room temperature 20° to 25°C

(68° to 77°F)

Storage and disposal of Gallium Citrate Ga 67 Injection should be done to comply with the regulations of the appropriate government agency authorized to license the usage of this radionuclide type of medication.

Summary

Gallium Citrate Ga 67 is a radiopharmaceutical type injection that is used primarily to diagnose specific forms of cancer, as well as examine their progression. This can include cancers such as lymphoma, lung cancer or Hodgkin's disease. It is also used to help medical professionals see a clear image of if you have acute swollen lesions.

Gallium Citrate Ga 67 is to be given solely by or under the direct supervision of a doctor with specialized training in nuclear medicine.