Human Papillomavirus Vaccine (Intramuscular)

Human Papillomavirus Vaccine initiates the creation of antibodies in the patient to immunize them against infection from Human Papillomavirus.

Overview

The Human Papillomavirus vaccine is used in the prevention of the spread of and infection with Human Papillomavirus. It is an active immunization that initiates the creation of antibodies against the virus in the patients body. This means that future exposure to the virus will be fought off by the body.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is usually transmitted sexually and is commonly spread between sexual partners. Human Papillomavirus affects the skin and membranes of the body. It can affect areas such as the cervix, anus, mouth or throat and the conditions caused can often develop into cancer. HPV is a term used for a group of viruses of which there are around 100 types. 30 of these types will affect the genital area and are highly contagious. They are spread through skin-to-skin contact only and, as such, do not require exchange of fluids to occur.

Use of the Human Papillomavirus vaccine can help to prevent cervical, anal, vaginal and vulva cancers as well as preventing the occurrence of genital warts and diseases of the cervix, anus, vagina and vulva in females. The vaccine will also help to prevent males from developing diseases of the anus, anal cancer and genital warts.

The vaccination will not protect you from diseases caused by other forms of HPV. It is also not a treatment for the condition and cannot cure a HPV infection. HPV will in no way protect you from contracting other sexually transmitted infections.

Human Papillomavirus vaccine is available only with a prescription from a doctor and is administered as a solution for injection into the muscle.

Condition treated

  • Human Papillomavirus, prevention of

Type Of Medicine

  • Vaccine

Side Effects

In addition to protecting you from infection with Human Papillomavirus, the Human Papillomavirus vaccine may also cause certain unwanted side effects to occur in the patient. The vaccine is an active immunization so there is a small chance that you will experience the symptoms of HPV following treatment. While not all side effects may occur, in some cases the patient may need to seek medical attention.

You should consult your doctor immediately if you experience any of the side effects below from treatment:

  • Anxiousness
  • Back or leg pains
  • Bleeding of the gums
  • Chest pains
  • Chills when warm
  • Coughing
  • Darkened coloration of urine
  • Difficulty when breathing
  • Difficulty when swallowing
  • Dizzy
  • Fainting or faintness
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Feverishness
  • General swelling of the body
  • Headaches
  • Hives
  • Increased prominence of superficial veins
  • Itching
  • Lightheadedness
  • Lost appetite
  • Nausea
  • Nosebleeds
  • Pain
  • Paleness of the skin
  • Puffy or swollen around eyes, lips, face or tongue
  • Redness of the skin
  • Seizures
  • Skin discoloration
  • Skin rash
  • Soreness of the throat
  • Stomach pains
  • Sudden onset of shortness of breath
  • Swelling
  • Swelling, pain or tenderness of the lymph glands in the armpit, neck or groin
  • Tenderness
  • Tightness across the chest
  • Troubled breathing
  • Unusual tiredness
  • Unusual weakness
  • Vomiting
  • Warmth
  • Welts
  • Yellow eyes
  • Yellowing of the skin

Other side effects from the use of Human Papillomavirus vaccine can also occur that are not as serious and would not normally require that you seek medical attention. If these side effects do become bothersome or continue, however, you can seek advice from your healthcare professional about how to alleviate them:

Occurring more commonly:

  • Headaches

Occurring less commonly:

  • Diarrhea
  • Difficulty with moving
  • Joint pains
  • Muscle aching
  • Muscle cramping
  • Muscle pains
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Soreness of the throat
  • Stomach pain
  • Swelling of the joints
  • Abdominal pains

Occurring only rarely:

  • Blocked ear
  • Body aches
  • Body pains
  • Lost voice
  • Nasal congestion
  • Running nose
  • Sneezing

Frequency of occurrence unknown:

  • Bloating
  • Constipation
  • Darkened coloration of urine
  • Difficulty with moving
  • Increased heartbeat
  • Indigestion
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle pain
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Pain in the back
  • Pain in the joints
  • Pain in the stomach, side or abdomen
  • Swelling or redness at the site of injection

Other side effects of the Human Papillomavirus vaccine could also occur that have not been listed here. If you experience any other side effects then you should contact your doctor for advice.

Dosage

The Human Papillomavirus vaccine will be administered by a trained professional as an injection into the muscle of the bicep or quadriceps.

More than one treatment may be required to get full protection against HPV. Ensure that you complete the full course of treatment to get full protection from the virus. Usually there will be two to three injections of this treatment given.

Human Papillomavirus vaccine is given to patients along with an information guide about the treatment and condition. Patients should ensure that they have read and understood this before beginning use of the treatment.

If a dose is missed, you should contact your doctor to arrange another dosing appointment.

Interactions

Certain medications may interact with each other in the body. You must inform your doctor of all other medications you are taking before you begin treatment with the Human Papillomavirus vaccine. Some medications may lower your immune system and may expose you to the risk of contracting the infection that you are trying to vaccinate against. Other medications may cause a greater risk of side effects occurring.

Other medical problems from which you suffer could also have an impact on the use of this treatment. You should inform your doctor of all medical conditions before receiving Human Papillomavirus vaccine. This is especially important in the following cases

  • Family history of immune deficiency condition

O This condition can greatly increase the risk of side effects occurring.

  • Severe illness and fever

O Side effects of treatment that need to be recognized may be hidden in this case.

Warnings

Before making the decision to use this vaccine you should consider the risks of doing so in relation to the benefits with your doctor. Ensure that you have taken the following factors into account:

Allergies' You must inform your doctor of any and all allergies that you have suffered from in the past. This is especially important if you have ever reacted unusually to any other medications that you have been given in the past. Allergies to certain substances may prohibit the use of this vaccine.

Pediatric' Studies have not been carried out for the use of this medication in children below the age of nine. Safety and efficiency of use have not been established below this age.

Geriatric 'This medication is for use in younger patients and has not been tested on the elderly.

Pregnancy 'There is a mild risk to the fetus when used during pregnancy. You must inform your doctor before use if you are pregnant.

Breastfeeding 'There have been no studies on breastfeeding during use of this treatment. You should weigh the benefits and risks of doing so with your doctor.

This medication needs to be taken on a schedule so it is vital that you do not miss your appointment with the doctor to get each injection.

You should report any side effects that occur from the vaccine to your doctor at each appointment. If the side effects are serious then you should contact them immediately.

A serious form of allergic reaction could occur following any of the shots with this medication. This allergic reaction is known as anaphylaxis and it can be potentially life-threatening. You must get immediate medical attention if you experience any of the following symptoms of anaphylaxis:

  • Rash
  • Itching
  • Swelling of the tongue
  • Swelling of the throat
  • Trouble with breathing

Female patients receiving this treatment will be protected from certain forms of cervical cancer, but there is still a possibility of developing this. Patients must continue to undergo a Pap test on a regular basis having received this treatment.

It is common to feel faint, lightheaded or dizzy after you have received this treatment. Sitting down or lying down for 15 minutes in a dark room will help to relieve this. If you experience any such side effects then you should not drive or operate any machinery that could be dangerous if you are less alert than normal. Remember that it is your legal responsibility to ensure that you are safe to operate such machinery.

If you are sensitive to latex then you must inform your doctor. The needle may have been in contact with rubber and could cause complications in patients with a latex sensitivity. You should inform your doctor of this before receiving the vaccine.

Storage

  • Store this medication refrigerated between 2-8°C. Always prevent from freezing.
  • Protect medication from light at all times.
  • Administer this medication as soon as it has been removed from refrigeration.

Summary

The Human Papillomavirus vaccine is administered for the protection against Human Papillomavirus between the ages of 9-26.

Human Papillomavirus is usually sexually transmitted and can cause a wide range of cancers to develop. Three are over 100 strains of HPV and 30 of these affect the genitals. The Human Papillomavirus vaccine protects the patient against most of these and can help to prevent the occurrence of a range of different types of cancer.

The Human Papillomavirus vaccine is an active immunization meaning that it contains live Human Papillomavirus. As such it can cause mild symptoms of the virus to occur temporarily. If you have a lowered immune system through illness or medication, however, then there is a risk that you can catch the infection that you are trying to protect against. You must inform your doctor if you are suffering any illness or if you are taking any medications before you begin use of this treatment.

The Human Papillomavirus vaccine works by initiating the creation of antibodies in the patient. This means that if they are later exposed to the true virus their body will be able to fight against it and prevent infection.

The Human Papillomavirus vaccine is not able to cure Human Papillomavirus. Patients who already have the infection must seek other treatments for it. The Human Papillomavirus vaccine also does nothing to protect the patient against other sexually transmitted infections and safe sexual intercourse should always be exercised.

While Human Papillomavirus vaccine does protect against the development of certain forms of cervical cancer, other forms may still occur. Female patients will still need to receive a Pap test regularly after treatment.