Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Virus Vaccine Live (Subcutaneous)

As a live vaccine combination, this injection can help protect children against a number of very harmful and serious diseases.

Overview

The Live Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Virus vaccine is used to protect patients against infections that are caused by mumps, measles, rubella, and varicella viruses. These are more commonly known as German measles, rubeola, and chickenpox viruses. This active immunizing combination vaccine allows the patient's body to create its own form of defense against each of these diseases by creating antibodies.

It is found that measles can quickly be spread from one person to another. It is known by other terms such as 10-day measles, morbilli, hard measles, coughing measles, red measles, and rubella. Measles infections can lead to serious health problems, including sinus problems, brain damage, seizures, ear infections, pneumonia, stomach problems, and even death. Be aware that the risk of having serious complications is greater in infants and adults than what it is in teenagers and children.

Mumps is an infection that can also cause patients to have serious health problems. This includes things like meningitis and encephalitis which both affect the patient's brain. Teenage boys and men are also very susceptible to contracting a condition known as orchitis. This causes swelling and pain in the scrotum and testicles and can cause sterility in some cases. Women who are in the first three weeks of pregnancy are at risk of having a spontaneous com/health/miscarriage/">miscarriage as a result of the mumps infection.

Rubella is also very serious and can cause birth defects, miscarriages, and stillbirths in the unborn babies of pregnant women.

Varicella can easily be spread from one person to another and is commonly known as chickenpox. In many cases, it is a mild infection, but in some cases, it can lead to things like inflammation of the brain, Reye's syndrome (a rare condition), and pneumonia.

For children aged between 12 months old and 12 years old, it is strongly recommended they get the immunization for mumps, German measles, chickenpox, and measles if they have not yet had these diseases. For infants aged below 12 months and for children 13 and above, it is not recommended they receive immunization for these diseases.

This vaccine is administered by your child's doctor or a different healthcare professional who is fully authorized to do so.

Condition(s) treated

  • Measles

Type of medicine

  • Powder for Suspension

Side effects

As well as having its intended effects, it is possible that the Live Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Virus vaccine will cause some patients to experience unwanted side effects. These side effects can range in the severity and their need for medical attention. Some patients may experience no side effects at all. Listed below are the more severe side effects that might occur. If your child experiences any of the following after they have received the vaccine, you should inform your doctor immediately.

More common

  • Fever over 102 °F (39 °C)

Less common

  • Fever

Incidence not known

  • Fainting

Instead of these more serious effects, your child may experience some less severe ones that do not require medical attention. Directly below is a list of such side effects. You may find that, as time passes and your child adjusts to the medicine they have received, these side effects will disappear. However, if your child does have any of the following and they become lingering or bothersome then you can discuss them with your child's doctor.

More common

  • Tingling, ulceration, stinging, swelling, tenderness, warmth, bleeding, blistering, feeling of pressure, inflammation, itching, lumps, numbness, pain, hives, infection, rash, redness, scarring, soreness, burning, coldness, or discoloration of the skin at the injection site

Incidence not known

  • Unusually long duration of sleep

It is possible your child will experience other side effects that have not been listed here. If that is the case, then you can discuss these with your child's doctor.

Dosage

This vaccine will be given to your child by a trained health professional, such as their doctor. It is injected as a shot under the skin, in many cases the upper arm or thigh.

It's common for one shot of this vaccine to be given when they are between 12 and 15 months old. A second shot may also be given when they are between 4 and 6 years old.

It is possible that your child will be given other vaccines when they are given this one. Any other injections will be given in a different part of the body.

You should be given a patient information card which will inform you of all the injections that it is necessary for your child to receive. You should read this carefully and ensure you understand it all. If you have any questions after, then these are best addressed to your doctor.

It is highly important that you allow your child to receive these injections within the correct timeframes. If for any reason, you miss a scheduled injection, you should call your doctor right away to book another as soon as possible.

Interactions

It is possible that the Live Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Virus vaccine will interact with other drugs your child is required to take. You should, therefore, inform your child's doctor of any drugs they are taking. This refers to both prescription and nonprescription medication. Your doctor may wish to avoid any interactions, so will need to alter some drugs your child takes. In other cases, an interaction may be necessary, in which case they can simply alter the doses of any interacting drugs. Either way, your doctor is best placed to decide on the best course of treatment for your child. Directly below is a list of drugs with which it is not recommended your child takes after receiving this vaccine. They may well need to alter the drug altogether.

  • Nelarabine

It is usually not recommended that your child would have any of the following drugs at the same time as the Live Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Virus vaccine. However, in some cases, it may be necessary. Under such circumstances, your doctor may need to alter one or both doses of the interacting drugs.

  • Pneumococcal Vaccine Polyvalent

If your child takes any of the following drugs at the same time as this vaccine, they may be at an increased risk of experiencing certain side effects. Again, however, if it is necessary for them to take both, then their doctor may decide to alter one or both doses of the interacting drugs.

  • Abatacept

As well as interacting with drugs, it is possible that the Live Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Virus vaccine will interact with certain aspects of your child's dietary intake. They may, therefore, advise you to make changes to certain things they eat, drink, or smoke.

Finally, other medical problems that your child suffers from may interact with this vaccine. You should inform your child's doctor of their complete medical history. In particular, point out any of the following if they apply.

  • A history of thrombocytopenia (not enough platelets in their blood). This vaccine should be used with caution as it could make this condition worse

Warnings

Before your doctor is able to administer this vaccine, they will first need to be aware of the full extent of your child's medical history. This will allow them to assess whether or not it is safe and suitable for your child to receive this vaccine. As a part of this examination, they will need to be made aware of any allergies your child suffers from. This means any allergies to dyes, foods, animals, or preservatives.

The suitable studies that have taken place on children have not highlighted any pediatric-specific problems that would make this vaccine any less useful for children aged between 12 months and 12 years old. Be aware though that it is not recommended that children aged 13 and above, or below 12 months are given the Live Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Virus vaccine.

It is not recommended that the Live Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Virus vaccine is given to geriatric patients.

As of writing, it is unclear as to whether it is safe for pregnant women to receive this injection. Your doctor can advise on this.

As of writing, there are no suitable studies that have taken place for breastfeeding women using this medicine. Your doctor can advise you on any risks.

If your child needs a second dose of the Live Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Virus vaccine, it is crucial that you attend your doctor's office at the scheduled date. If your child experiences any side effects after their injection, you should inform your doctor right away.

You should not become pregnant within three months of receiving the Live Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Virus vaccine unless you have first checked with your doctor. This vaccine has the potential to cause problems whilst pregnant. You should inform your doctor immediately if you think you have become pregnant. They may need you to join a pregnancy registry alongside other patients who have received this medicine.

Some children have experienced a fever or fever with seizures after receiving this vaccine. If you have any worries about this, then discuss it with your doctor. For six weeks after receiving the Live Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Virus vaccine, your child should be kept away from people who are at high risk of catching the varicella virus. Such high-risk people are newborn babies, those with a weak immune system, and pregnant women.

You should inform your doctor that you have received the Live Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Virus vaccine if:

  • You are having a blood transfusion or different blood products within three months of having received the vaccine.

For up to six weeks of having received the Live Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Virus vaccine, do not take any medicines that contain aspirin. This includes things like cold medicines. You should check the labels of any cold, headache, or pain medicine to ensure it does not contain any salicylic acid before giving it to your child.

Be aware that the Live Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Virus vaccine contains a substance called albumin which comes from human blood. Some patients who have received human blood products have received certain viruses as well. However, such risks of transmitting diseases have been greatly reduced in more recent years. This is because testing of human donors and testing during the manufacturing process have been improved greatly. However, there is, of course, a small remaining risk of transmission. If this worries you, you should discuss your concerns with your child's doctor.

You should not give your child any other medicines after they have received this vaccine unless they are first approved by your doctor. This refers to all nonprescription and prescription medicines.

Storage

You will not need to worry about the storage of this medicine.

Summary

To help prevent your child from catching a number of very harmful diseases, it is important that they receive the Live Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Virus vaccine when they are between 12 months and 12 years of age. Outside of this age range, it can be much more harmful to give a patient this vaccine. However, by properly equipping them with it during this age range, they can help avoid a number of very nasty health complications. It is usually given by one injection from a trained doctor or healthcare professional. In some cases, they may be required to have a second dose when they are older. Your doctor will tell you if this applies to your child.

You will be notified of the correct time to take your child for this injection. There, you can discuss any concerns that you have with your child's doctor beforehand. Above, you can find full details on the side effects that this live vaccine may cause. If your child experiences any of the more serious side effects, you should inform your doctor immediately. You should be careful in following any advice your doctor gives you regarding your child's vaccination. It may be necessary for you to restrict their exposure to certain individuals and other medicines after the injection is given. If you have any other questions about the Live Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Virus vaccine, then they are best addressed to your child's doctor.