Metaproterenol (Oral)

Metaproterenol is used to relieve the symptoms of certain lung diseases such as coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and troubled breathing.

Overview

Metaproterenol is taken orally as a syrup or tablet to treat asthma and other lung diseases. Bronchospasms caused by bronchitis, emphysema and other lung diseases can all be treated though the use of this medication.

Metaproterenol is an adrenergic bronchodilator that works to open the bronchial tubes in order the symptoms of lung disease including wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and troubled breathing may be treated.

This medication is available only when prescribed by a doctor and is administered as a syrup or tablet. This medication is also available as an inhaled medication delivered through a special inhaler.

Condition treated

  • Asthma
  • Bronchitis
  • Emphysema
  • Other lung disease

Type Of Medicine

  • Adrenergic bronchodilator

Side Effects

Metaproterenol will help to relax the bronchial tubes in the patient but may also cause certain other unwanted side effects. While not all of these side effects may occur, where they do the patient may be required to seek urgent medical attention.

You should contact your doctor immediately that you experience any of the following side effects:
Occurring more commonly:

  • Irregularity of heartbeat or pulse
  • Increased heartbeat or pulse

Occurring less commonly:

  • Worsening of asthma
  • Trembling or shaking of the hands or feet
  • Shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet

Occurring only rarely:

  • Vomiting
  • Unusual tiredness or weakness
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Swelling
  • Sweating
  • Sore throat
  • Slow or fast heartbeat
  • Shivering
  • Runny nose
  • Puffiness of the face and fingers
  • Pounding in the ears
  • Nervousness
  • Nausea
  • Muscle aches and pains
  • Loss of appetite
  • Joint pain
  • Increased sweating
  • Headache
  • General feeling of discomfort or illness
  • Fever
  • Fainting
  • Dizziness
  • Diarrhea
  • Cough
  • Chills
  • Chest pain
  • Blurred vision

It is also possible to overdose on this medication. If you believe that you or anyone else has ever suffered an overdose of this medication then you should seek emergency help right away. The symptoms of overdose can include the following:

  • Unable to sleep
  • Sleeplessness
  • Shortness of breath
  • General feeling of discomfort or illness
  • Dry mouth
  • Dizziness or faintness experienced when rising suddenly from lying or sitting
  • Confusion
  • Chest tightness or heaviness
  • Chest discomfort
  • Arm, back, or jaw pain

Other side effects from use can also occur that are usually milder and do not require the attention of a doctor. These side effects may abate as the body gets used to the treatment too. You should check with your healthcare professional, however, if these side effects are ongoing or bothersome:
Occurring less commonly:

  • Abdominal or stomach pain

Occurring only rarely:

  • Weakness
  • Tightening of the muscles
  • Raised red swellings on the skin, lips, tongue, or in the throat
  • Pain
  • Itching skin
  • Dry mouth or throat
  • Drowsiness
  • Change in appetite
  • Bad, unusual, or unpleasant aftertaste

Metaproterenol could also cause certain other side effects to occur that have not been listed herein. If you experience any other side effects then you should inform your doctor and seek advice. If you believe your health to be at immediate risk, however, then you should always seek emergency medical care.

Dosage

This medication should only ever be taken as your doctor has directed you to. You should not take more of it than prescribed and should not use it more frequently than you have been prescribed. You should also never stop use without first consulting your doctor as doing so may increase the chance of breathing problems returning.

If you are taking the liquid form of this medication then you must measure the dose with the provided measurement device only. Household spoons may not be accurate to the correct dosage and should not be used.

You should only ever use the dose as you have been told to by your doctor. You should not use any increased dose for any reason nor use it for longer than you have been instructed to. To do so will put you at risk. The following information is intended as a guideline only and is based only on average doses. It does not take into account your personal condition and should not be used to adjust your dose:

When taking the solution form of Metaproterenol:

  • Adults should use two measured sppons (10ml) of medication 3-4 times daily. This dose may be adjusted by the doctor as required.
  • Children over the age of 9 and over the weight of 60lbs should take 10ml of medication 3-4 times daily. This may be adjusted by the doctor as required.
  • Children aged between 6-9 and under the weight of 60lbs should be treated with one spoon (5ml) of medication 3-4 times per day. This dose may be adjusted as required.
  • Children below the age of 6 should only be treated with this medication as directed by the prescribing doctor.

When taking the tablet form of Metaproterenol:

  • Adults should be treated with 20mg of medication taken 3-4 times per day. This dose may be adjusted by the doctor as required.
  • Children aged over 9 and weighing more than 60lbs should be treated with 20mg 3-4 times daily. The dose may be adjusted by the doctor as is required.
  • Children between the ages of 6 to 9 and weighing less than 60lbs may be treated with 10mg taken 3-4 times daily. This dose may be adjusted by the doctor when this is required.
  • Children below the age of 6 should only be treated with this medication at the direction of the doctor.

If a dose of this medication is missed then you should take it as soon as possible. If you are close to your next dose being due, however, then you should skip the missed dose and return to your normal schedule as soon as possible.

Interactions

Certain medications should never be used together because they can interact in the body with severe medical complications. In the most serious cases the results can be life-threatening. In other cases medications may prevent one another from working or may increase side effects. Some medications may also have the same active ingredients and may cause inadvertent overdose to occur.

In order that you may be able to avoid any drug interactions it is important that you inform your doctor of all other medications that you are taking. This includes all medications that were prescribed, purchased over the counter and any other substances that you might be taking. For the use of Metaproterenol it is especially important that you inform your doctor if you are using the following medication. This medication is not recommended for use with Metaproterenol, but both may still be the best treatment for you. If you are prescribed both medications then the doctor will normally adjust the dose or frequency of use of one or other treatments:

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Other medications may also interact with Metaproterenol. It is vital that your doctor is aware of all substances you are taking before use.

Other medical problems can also occur that may affect the use of medication. This is because some conditions may be worsened by use while other conditions may increase the effects of it. You must inform your doctor of all medical conditions from which you are suffering before beginning use. This is especially important in the following cases

The following conditions may be worsened by use:

Patients with the following conditions should not be treated with Metaproterenol:

Other medical problems can also impact on the use of Metaproterenol. You must ensure that your doctor is aware of your full medical history before beginning use of this medication.

Warnings

Before you begin treatment with Metaproterenol it is important that you understand the risks of use in relation to the benefits of use. You should consider this with your doctor and make sure that all of the following has been taken into account:

Allergies'You must inform your doctor of all allergies from which you suffer. This includes all allergies to dyes, foods, preservatives, animals and other substances. You must also inform your doctor if you have ever reacted badly to any medications in the past.

Pediatric' This medication has been tested for safety and efficiency down to the age of 6 years. It should be used below this age only at the direction of the prescribing doctor.

Geriatric 'There is no information about the use of this medication in elderly patients. Elderly patients are, however, more likely to be suffering from other medical conditions that may limit or prohibit use of Metaproterenol.

Pregnancy' You must inform your doctor if you are pregnant before you begin use. There is a category C risk to the use of this medication during pregnancy. If you are taking this medication and may become pregnant or if you are planning to have a baby then you should inform your doctor before you do so. Tell your doctor straight away if you believe that you have become pregnant during use.

Breastfeeding' The risks of breastfeeding while using this medication are unknown. You should consult your doctor before beginning treatment if you are breastfeeding.

Your doctor will need to regularly check your progress when you are using this medication so that they can ensure it is working properly and controlling your condition. You will also need to be checked for any unwanted side effects that may occur.

If breathing problems continue with use or worsen then you should return to your doctor for another checkup.

Do not make any changes to your use of this medication unless directed to by your doctor. Using too much or missing doses can both be very dangerous and have further complications.

Do not take any other medications in conjunction with Metaproterenol unless they have been expressly approved for use by your prescribing doctor.

Storage

This medication can be stored in a closed container at room temperature. You should keep it away from heat, moisture and direct light at all time.

Prevent it from freezing.

Keep this medication out of reach at all times, even when it is intended for their use.
Dispose of any unused or unwanted medication safely as directed to by your healthcare professional.

Summary

Oral Metaproterenol is taken to help control lung diseases and manage their symptoms. It works by opening the bronchial tubes and allowing easier breathing by the patient. It can help to reduce wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and troubled breathing.

Metaproterenol should be taken only as directed by your doctor. Using too much of this medication or ceasing use can be very dangerous. It is possible to overdose on this medication with life-threatening consequences. It is also likely that severe breathing problems will return if you cease use.

Metaproterenol is also available in other forms. You should never use both forms of treatment at the same time unless directed to by your doctor. To do so may increase the risk of overdose occurring.

Ensure that you understand the risks of use in relation to the benefits of use before you begin treatment with Metaproterenol.