Miconazole (Topical)

Miconazole is used in the treatment of skin infections such as athlete's foot, jock itch, yeast infections of the skin and ringworm.

Overview

Miconazole belongs to a group of medications known as antifungals. Topical miconazole is used in the treatment of various types of fungus infections.

Some of these forms of this medication may be available without a prescription.

This drug is available in the following dosage forms:

Lotion, Tablet, Effervescent, Ointment, Cream, Kit, Powder, Gel/Jelly, Spray, and Tincture.

Conditions treated

  • Topical

Conditions treated

  • Ringworm of groin area

Side effects

Along with the intended effects of this drug, it may produce some unwanted side effects. This all may not occur, but if they do occur, you may require medical advice.

You should consult with your doctor right away if you suffer from any of the following side effects whilst using miconazole topical:

  • Burning, blistering, redness, skin rash, or other signs of skin irritation that was not present before the use of this medication.

You may suffer from other side effects that are not listed above. You should contact your doctor or healthcare professional if you suffer from anything unusual. Remember you can report all side effects to the FDA.

Dosage

The final dose of any medication will depend upon a number of different factors. This will include your weight, age and height, any other medical conditions you suffer from and any other medications you are taking to treat them. Your doctor will also take into account the strength of the medication, the duration of your treatment and your reaction to the first dose. The following doses are guidelines and your final dose may be different. You should not change your dose without speaking to your doctor. If you take too much of this medication, you could increase your risk of side effects, whereas if you take too little, you may reduce the effectiveness of your treatment.

For cream, aerosol powder, aerosol solution, and powder dosage forms for the treatment of a fungus infection:

Children and adults: You should apply the product to the affected area of the skin twice a day, in the morning and in the evening.

For lotion and cream dosage forms for the treatment of sun fungus:

Children and adults: Apply to the affected area of the skin once daily.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of Miconazole, apply it as soon as you remember. However, if it's almost time for your next dose, then you should skip the dose you have missed and return to your original dosing schedule.

Proper Use

  • You should keep this medication away from the eyes.
  • Apply enough miconazole to cover the affected areas, and rub in gently.
  • For correct use of the aerosol powder form of this drug:
  • Ensure product is shaken well before usage
  • Spray the product on the areas that are affected with a distance of around six to ten inches. If it's used for infection on your feet, then spray directly on your feet, between the toes and in the shoes and socks.
  • Don't inhale the product.
  • Don't use near an open flame, near heat, or whilst smoking.
  • To use the aerosol solution form of this drug:
  • Ensure product is shaken well before use
  • Spray the solution on the affected areas with a distance of four to six inches. If it's used on the feet, spray directly onto the feet and between the toes.
  • Don't inhale the vapors from the spray.
  • Don't use near the open flame, near heat, or whilst smoking.
  • To use the powder form of this drug:
  • If the powder is used on the feet, sprinkle it on the feet or between the toes and in the shoes and socks.
  • When this drug is used in the treatment of certain varieties of fungus infections of the skin, an occlusive dressing, such as a plastic wrap (airtight covering) should've be applied to this medication. To do so can cause irritation of the skin. Don't apply an occlusive dressing over this medication unless you have been directed to do so by your doctor.
  • To help completely clear up your infection, keep using this medication for the full period of treatment, even if your condition is improving. Don't miss any doses of this medication.

Interactions

Drug interactions can occur with this medication. These could produce some unwanted side effects or reduce the effectiveness of the medication. To help limit the risk of interactions you need to give your doctor a complete list of all the current and past medications you are taking, including any other medical conditions you may suffer from. This should include vitamin supplements, herbal products and prescription and nonprescription drugs. In most cases, your doctor will avoid treating you with this drug to avoid interactions, but in some cases, it may be the best treatment plan for you.

The use of this medication alongside any of the following is not typically recommended, however in some cases it may be required. If you are given both medications, your doctor may change the dose or frequency in which you use either medication.

  • Warfarin

This list may not be complete, so it's important to let your healthcare team know about all the current medications you are taking.

Other interactions

Certain medications can not be used at or around the time of consuming food or specific certain types of food since interactions can occur. The use of tobacco and alcohol with some medications can also cause interactions. Discuss with your doctor about the use of your medication with tobacco, food, and alcohol.

Warnings

Before you take a medication, you need to consider some warnings and precautions. Below are some things to consider alongside your doctor to decide if this is the best treatment for you.

Allergies

You should let your healthcare team know if you have ever suffered from an allergic reaction to this medication or any other medications. You should also let them know about any other allergies you suffer from including, animals, preservatives, foods or dyes.

Pediatric population

Although there is no specific information that compares the use of topical miconazole in children with the use in other age groups. This medication is not expected to cause any variation in problems or side effects in children than it does in the older population.

Geriatric population

Many medications have not been specifically studied in the older population. Therefore, it may be unknown whether they work in exactly the same way they do in younger adults.

Although there is no specific information that compares the use of this drug in the older population with its use in other age groups. However, this medication is not expected to cause different problems or side effects in the older population than it does in younger adults.

If your skin problems do not improve within four weeks, or if it becomes worse, you should consult with your doctor.

Use this medication only on the skin. You should make sure your skin is thoroughly dry and clean. Apply this medicine to the affected skin, usually twice daily or as it has been given by your doctor. If you're using the spray form, you should shake the bottle well before you apply it. The length and dose of your treatment will depend on the specific infection that is being treated. Apply enough medicine to cover the affected area and some of the surrounding skin. Wash your hands after applying this medication. Don't wrap, bandage, or cover the area unless it was directed to do so by a healthcare professional.

Storage

Miconazole should be stored in a closed container at room temperature, away from moisture, heat, and light. You should also prevent it from freezing. Don't keep this medication inside a car where it could be exposed to extreme cold or heat. Don't throw the canister in the fire, or poke holes in the canister even if the canister is empty.

Keep this medication out of the reach of children. Don't keep any medication that is out of date, and is no longer needed. Ask your doctor for advice on the best method of disposal of medication you no longer require.

Summary

When used correctly, this drug is successful in a variety of different yeast infections and more. There are no problems with using this drug whilst pregnant and breastfeeding. There are no issues with using this drug in pediatric or geriatric populations, it is not expected to produce any difference in side effects or treatment. Use this medicine regularly in order to obtain the most benefit from it. You should remember to use it at a similar time each day. Stopping the use of this medicine too early could allow the fungus to continue to grow, which could result in a return of the infection. Inform your doctor if your condition worsens or persists.