Moxifloxacin (Intravenous)

Overview

The Moxifloxacin injection is given to patients who are suffering from a bacterial infection somewhere on the body. It is known as a quinolone antibiotic. This means that it works by preventing the growth of bacteria or killing it completely. Be aware, however, that it is not designed to treat the flu, colds, or other virus infections.

You can only access the Moxifloxacin injection via a prescription from your doctor. Afterwards, it will usually then be injected by your doctor.

Condition(s) treated

  • Bacterial infections

Type of medicine

  • Solution for injection

Side effects

As well as having its intended effect of treating bacterial infections, it is possible that the Moxifloxacin will cause patients to experience other unwanted side effects as well. These side effects can range in their severity, and some patients may experience none at all. Below is a list of the more severe side effects that may occur. If you do experience any of these after receiving the Moxifloxacin injection, you should inform your nurse or doctor immediately.

Rare

  • Increased hunger

Incidence not known

  • Tingling, painful, burning, or numbness sensations

As well as these more severe side effects, you may experience less serious ones that don't necessarily require medical attention. Below is a list of such side effects. If you do experience any of these after receiving the injection, you may find that they simply pass over time as your body adjusts to the medicine. However, if you do find them lingering or bothersome, you can discuss them with your doctor. They may be able to advise on ways to reduce them.

Rare

  • Fear or nervousness

If you experience any side effects that are not listed here, then you can discuss these with your doctor.

Dosage

You will be given this medicine via an injection from a nurse or different trained medical professional. It comes through a needle that will placed into one of your veins. It is injected slowly, meaning your IV tube will need to remain in place for around an hour.

You may be required to have a few doses of Moxifloxacin before your condition starts to improve. Afterwards, you may then be given an oral dosage form of the medicine which works in much the same way. If you have any questions or concerns about this process, you should talk to your doctor. You will find an accompanying Medication Guide with your medicine. You should read this carefully and address any questions to your doctor.

Interactions

It is possible that the Moxifloxacin injection will interact with other medicines you are currently taking. The severity of interactions can range greatly, and in some cases, they may even be necessary as taking two interacting medicines is best for your treatment. Either way, you should inform your doctor of all medicines you are currently taking. This includes both prescription and nonprescription drugs. Below is a list of drugs with which it is not recommended you take at the same time as the Moxifloxacin injection. Your doctor will likely wish to alter one or both of the interacting drugs to avoid an interaction.

  • Piperaquine

It is usually not recommended that you receive the Moxifloxacin injection at the same time as any of the following drugs. However, in some cases, it will be necessary for your treatment that you take both drugs at the same time. If this is the case, then your doctor may wish to alter one or both doses of the interacting drugs.

  • Efavirenz

If you take any of the following drugs at the same time as the Moxifloxacin injection then you could be at greater risk of experiencing certain side effects. However, it may be that receiving both is still best for your treatment. To help limit the interaction and any resulting side effects, your doctor may, therefore, adjust the dose of one or both medicines.

  • Prednisone

As well as interacting with drugs, it is possible that the Moxifloxacin injection will interact with certain things you eat, smoke, or drink. Your doctor may, therefore, need to alter certain aspects of your dietary intake in order to limit such interactions. For example, you may be required to drink less alcohol or smoke less tobacco after receiving this injection.

Finally, other medical problems you currently suffer from may interact with this injection. You should inform your doctor of your complete medical history prior to receiving this injection. In particular, point out any of the following if they apply.

  • Brain disease (such as hardening of your arteries)

Warnings

Before your doctor is able to prescribe you this medicine, they will first need to give you a full medical assessment. This will allow them to make sure this is indeed the best medicine for your treatment. As a part of this assessment, they will need to be made aware of any allergies you have. This includes allergies to foods, dyes, allergies, or preservatives.

As of writing, no efficacy and safety have been established for the use of this medicine in pediatric patients. This is because a lack of suitable studies have taken place in children receiving Moxifloxacin.

The studies that have taken place in older patients have not highlighted any geriatric-specific problems that would make this drug any less useful in elderly patients. However, be aware that older patients are more likely to suffer from age-related heart problems or have severe tendon problems. Under such circumstances, more care must be exercised when giving this injection.

As of writing, it is unclear as to whether suitable studies have taken place on the use of this medicine in pregnant women. Your doctor is best placed to advise on any increased risks to you or your unborn child. If you do become pregnant and have an upcoming injection of Moxifloxacin, you should inform your doctor.

There are currently no suitable studies that have taken place in breastfeeding women receiving the Moxifloxacin injection. Your doctor can advise you of any increased risks and you can then weigh these risks alongside the benefits it offers.

Yoru doctor will require you to attend regular appointments so that they can track your condition. They can see if this medicine is working properly and check for any unwanted effects. It is important that you attend all such appointments.

Moxifloxacin injection may cause you to experience fainting spells, an irregular or slow heartbeat, or loss of consciousness if you have low potassium levels in your blood. If you do experience such symptoms after receiving this injection, you should inform your doctor straight away.

This injection can cause some patients to experience a severe allergic reaction, such as anaphylaxis. This needs urgent medical assistance as it is life-threatening. If you experience any of the following symptoms, you should contact your doctor immediately:

  • Any swelling of your face, mouth, or hands

This injection can cause patients to experience severe diarrhea. This can happen even up to 2 months after you receive the injection. You should not take any diarrhea medicine unless you first discuss it with your doctor. It could make your diarrhea worse or cause it to last longer. If you find your diarrhea gets worse, or if you have any other questions about this, you should check with your doctor how to proceed.

If you experience any of the following symptoms, check with your doctor. They could be signs of peripheral neuropathy.

  • Burning, numbness, tingling, or pain in your legs, feet, hands, or arms

In rare cases, this medicine may cause inflammation or tearing of one of your tendons. This can occur after you stop taking the medicine or whilst still receiving it. If you have any of the following, then you may be at a greater risk of this problem:

  • Are using steroid medicines (eg, prednisone, MedrolĀ®, dexamethasone, or prednisolone)

If you suffer any of the following signs of a tendon problem, you should check with your doctor right away. You should then avoid any exercise until told to do so by your doctor.

  • Are unable to move or bear weight on the affected area

If you suffer any of the following whilst receiving this medicine, you should inform your doctor immediately.

  • Trouble sleeping

Yous should not drive or perform any other dangerous tasks after receiving the Moxifloxacin injection until you know how it affects you. This is because it can cause some people to become less alert, drowsy, light-headed, or dizzy. If you do experience such symptoms and find the persistent or bothersome, you should discuss them with your doctor.

You may become more sensitive to light after receiving this injection. This is especially true if you are already fair skinned. Even after brief exposure to sunlight, you may experience skin discoloration, rash, itching, redness, or severe burn. Here is some advice to follow after you first start receiving this medicine.

  • Use a sunblock with SPF of at least 15. You may even need a higher one if you are of fair complexion. You can discuss this in greater depth with your doctor.

If you are diabetic, then you may find that the Moxifloxacin injection affects your blood sugars. If you see changes in either your urine or blood test, tell your doctor. You can discuss with them how to proceed.

Storage

You will not be required to store Moxifloxacin at any time. It is administered in a hospital setting by a trained nurse or doctor. They will be responsible for its storage. If you have any questions about the storage of this medicine, you can speak to your doctor.

Summary

If you are suffering from a bacterial infection somewhere on your body, then the Moxifloxacin injection may be given to help treat this. It can be a very useful medicine but is only given by a doctor under certain circumstances. It can interact with a wide range of drugs and can also interact with other medical conditions. For this reason it only suitable for certain patients. You should follow any guidance your doctor gives you after giving you this injection. It may be suitable for you to make certain dietary or lifestyle changes. You should follow these closely.

Above, you can find details about the side effects that may occur after you receive this medicine. If you do experience any of the more serious ones then you should inform your doctor straight away and seek medical assistance. Your doctor may well require you to have regular appointments to track your condition and see if the medicine is working properly. You should attend all of these as your doctor can make any necessary adjustments to your treatment. If you have any other questions about your infection or Moxifloxacin, then these are best addressed to your doctor.