Pyrithione (Topical)

Pyrithione is available without a prescription and is used to help control the symptoms of dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis.

Overview

Pyrithione is a treatment for the symptoms of dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis that is available over the counter without a prescription.

Seborrheic dermatitis is a common skin condition that makes the skin inflamed and flaky. It can often appear to be similar to an allergic reaction and can appear on the skin and scalp.

Dandruff is a skin condition that causes white flakes to detach from the scalp and they can be visible in the hair and on clothing.

The product is available from a pharmacy as the following brands:

  • Znp
  • Zincon
  • Skincure
  • DHS Zinc
  • DermaZinc
  • Beta Med
  • 2 in 1 Dandruff

It is administered in any of the following manners:

  • Bar
  • Cream
  • Lotion
  • Shampoo
  • Soap
  • Solution
  • Spray

Pyrithione is an azole antifungal that works to stop the growth of fungus.

Conditions Treated

Type of Medicine

  • Azole antifungal

Side Effects

In addition to the desired effects from the use of these medications, they can also have unwanted side effects that can occur. In some cases, these side effects may require that you seek medical attention and you may need to cease use of the mediation or use other treatments to alleviate the effects. There are few side effects to the use of Pyrithione, however, you should be alert to the following:

If you experience a skin irritation from the use of this treatment then you should contact your doctor and seek medical attention. This can be the result of an allergic reaction or could be the sign of a wider problem.

Other side effects may occur. In this case, you should contact your doctor for advice on what to do. If you experience side effects from use, it would usually be recommended that you cease use.

Dosage

This treatment should be used at least twice a week in order to get the best effects from use. To use this treatment, you should follow these simple steps:

  • Wet the affected area with lukewarm water and rinse through
  • Apply the treatment to the affected area for treatment and rub to work up a lather
  • Rub in well and keep on for a minute or more
  • Rinse thoroughly
  • Repeat the process and then rinse thoroughly
  • Do not wash your hair or scalp with another shampoo following this treatment

The dose of treatment will differ for each patient. You should follow either your doctor's instructions or the directions for use on the packaging of the product. Herein we list only average doses for use as guidelines only. You should not make changes to your dose unless directed to by a doctor.

The amount of treatment used will depend on the severity of the condition and the strength of the medication. You should also follow instruction on how frequently to use the treatment, when you should use it and the length of time between uses.

For use of the treatment as a bar:

  • To treat dandruff or seborrheic dermatitis:
    • In adults and children - Apply to the affected area of the body once a day for a minimum of 2 times weekly.
    • Lather into affected area before rinsing and repeating the process.

For use of the treatment as a cream:

  • To treat dandruff or seborrheic dermatitis:
    • In adults and children - Apply to the affected area of the body 1-3 times a day.

For use of the treatment as a lotion:

  • To treat dandruff or seborrheic dermatitis:
    • In adults and children - Apply to the affected area of the body 1-3 times a day.

For use of the treatment as a shampoo:

  • To treat dandruff or seborrheic dermatitis:
    • In adults and children aged 2+ - Apply to the affected area of the body once a day for a minimum of 2 times weekly.
    • Apply to wet hair and lather into affected area before rinsing and repeating the process.
    • Children younger than 2 - Use to be determined by the doctor.

If you miss a dose of this treatment you should use it as soon as possible.

Interactions

Medications can interact with one another in the body. You should avoid using medications in conjunction with one another unless instructed to by a doctor because they can interact and cause unwanted side effects in the patient. In the case of Pyrithione, patients should avoid using other treatments for dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis when they are using Pyrithione. Use of other treatments may increase the risk of skin irritation or other complications. This treatment should be used in isolation.

Other medical conditions from which you suffer can also impact the use of this treatment. If you have any lesions, ulcers or sores on the scalp then you should get these treated before beginning treatment with Pyrithione. Try not to use this treatment on broken skin and visit a doctor for advice if you do have any other conditions.

Warnings

In deciding to use any medication you should consider the risks of doing so in relation to the benefits of use. Some medications can expose the patient to significant risks as well as helping in the treatment of the condition as desired. Before use, you should consider everything herein and you should ensure that you consider the following factors that may have a bearing on use:

Allergies

If you have ever reacted badly to any medication then you should check with your doctor before using Pyrithione. For these non-prescription treatments, you should also check the label for any allergens that may cause you to react to the product. Read the ingredients and allergen information carefully before use.

Pediatric

There is no specific information in relation to use in children that suggests any differed side effects or problems. You should, however, always take a baby or infant to the doctor to have a skin condition checked before treatment. Your doctor will then be able to advise you on the best course of action. You should follow usage directions carefully for use on children.

Geriatric

It is not known exactly how this medication may react differently to use on younger people, but no problems or different side effects are expected to occur from the use of this treatment on the elderly. The use of this medication is to be carried out as normal in elderly patients.

Pregnancy

There are no known risks to the use of this treatment during pregnancy. If you have any concerns then you should discuss them with your doctor.

Breastfeeding

There are no known risks to the use of this treatment whilst nursing an infant.

When using this treatment do not follow use with the use of another shampoo or conditioner. Simply rinse the treatment off and avoid the use of other soaps on the affected area so that it can work effectively on the scalp.

If your condition does not improve with use then you should contact a doctor for advice and further treatment. Do not continue use indefinitely if it is not having the desired effect.

If you use this treatment and the condition worsens then you should contact a doctor straight away. Stop using the treatment in this case until you have been able to consult a doctor.

This product is for use only on the scalp and skin. Avoid contact with the eyes, inside of the nose and mouth. If you get it in these areas then rinse immediately. If irritation occurs and persists then you should contact your doctor and seek medical attention.

Storage

Store this medication in a sealed container at room temperature.

Keep away fro heat, light and moisture at all times

Keep out of the reach of children at all times.

Keep away from locations where it may be used mistakenly, such as in the shower when you have guests or in a shared bathroom.

Do not keep outdated or unneeded medication for longer than it is needed.

Summary

Pyrithione is available in a wide range of forms without a doctor's prescription. It can be used as a cream, lotion, bar or shampoo amongst other forms.

It is used for the treatment of dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis in patients. These skin conditions are common and are easily treated with the use of Pyrithione.

Pyrithione can be used a minimum of twice a week for the patient to see an effect from use. To use it should be applied to a pre-rinsed area, worked into a lather and rubbed into the affected area for a minute or more. The treatment should then be rinsed off and the process should be repeated.

If you see no affect from this treatment or if the condition gets worse then you should seek advice and alternative treatment from your doctor. Seek medical attention if you develop a new skin irritation from use.

 

Resources
Last Reviewed:
January 29, 2018
Last Updated:
April 05, 2018
Content Source: