Age spots (liver spots) are black, tan, or brown spots on the skin. They typically develop on the shoulders, arms, hands, and face, upper back as well as other areas of the body that are most often exposed to sunlight.
These spots, which can vary in size, are common amongst adults who are older than 50 years of age. However, individuals who are under 50 years of age can also develop age spots, particularly if they get a lot of sun exposure.
Liver spots on different parts of the body are linked to the exposure to ultraviolet light from the sun or from artificial sources like tanning lamps/beds.
Age spots are more likely to develop on individuals who have a fair complexion, though they could also develop in those who have darker skin.
These are oval, flat spots of pigmentation, and they are typically black, brown, or tan in color. They can be anywhere from the size of a freckle to over ½” (13mm) in diameter. They may also form in groups and present the same texture of the rest of the skin.
If your age spots are very dark, if they have a border that is irregularly shaped, if they contain a strange combination of colors, or if you also experience bleeding, tenderness, redness, or itching, contact your doctor. Also, if the spots are increasing in size rapidly, or if they have changed in appearance, have them examined to be certain that they are not a sign of melanoma (skin cancer).
Liver spots are painless.
Age spots (also called liver spots) appear as small pigmented round spots on exposed areas of the skin. Most age spots appear in areas that are exposed to the sun, such as your arms, hands, face, and shoulders, which is the main cause of this condition.
Age spots appear on the skin as a result of overproduction of melanin (pigmentation of the skin). The two major causes of age spots are aging and exposure to the sun. While younger people are susceptible to age spots, they occur more frequently in adults over 40 years of age. Age spots are caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation.
The more exposure you have to UV radiation, the more likely you are to develop age spots. Protecting your skin while outdoors can help prevent age spots.
Since age spots (liver spots) are usually harmless, they do not require any treatment.
However, if you wish to lighten them, you can use products that bleach the skin, or you can have them removed. Age spots can also be prevented by applying sunscreen when you are going to be out in the sun, or by avoiding extended periods of sun exposure.
Age spots are caused by exposure to the sun. The best way to prevent age spots from forming is covering for your skin while you are outside during the daytime hours.
Protecting your skin while outdoors can not only prevent age spots, but also help protect against the likelihood of skin cancer.