Malignant Neoplasm (Cancer)

What is Malignant Neoplasm?

Every cancer has its own signs and symptoms. However, in general, malignant neoplasms are cancer cells which can present a range of signs and symptoms that are recognizable to a health care professional. Most patients who experience these symptoms assume that they have another ailment, and some feel as though they are suffering from the flu. This is because the generalized symptoms of a malignant neoplasm are very similar to common ailments.

How does cancer cause symptoms?

The reason cancer is hard to diagnose early on is that the symptoms of the disease do not show up right away. Almost every symptom a person develops depends on where the cancer or tumor is located. The size of the tumor, and the amount of tissue it affects will determine the symptoms that a person develops. Generally, symptoms appear as the cancer grows and begins to push on nerves, blood vessels and organs that are nearby. Typically, this pressure is the first sign that there is something wrong inside the body, and this is when the doctor begins to investigate.

Unfortunately, many cancers do not cause any signs or symptoms until it is considered advanced and metastasized beyond the area that it originated.

Certain cancers are easier to detect, because they release cells into the blood stream which are easy to pick up during routine blood tests.

What are the Symptoms of Malignant Neoplasm?

Specific symptoms greatly depend on the type of cancer and the organs it affects.

Symptoms include

  • Weakness
  • Aching
  • Shortness of breath
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Pain
  • Changes in skin color
  • Sores that do not heal
  • Changes in bowel or bladder function
  • White patches inside the mouth
  • Unusual bleeding
  • Presence of a lump

However, other symptoms may be present if the cancerous tissue has grown large, is affecting organs or tissues, or if it has metastasized to other parts of the body.

Even if symptoms are present, they do not immediately point to cancer. In order for a doctor to adequately diagnose a malignant neoplasm, they will need to see the results of x-rays, blood tests and biopsies.

How is Malignant Neoplasm Treated?

The treatment for a malignant neoplasm will depend on the location of the cancer, as well as the stage of the cancer. A team of specialists will be assigned to treat the cancer, and the exact type of team will depend on the above criteria as well. There is no cut and dry treatment for a malignant neoplasm. Each type of cancer must be treated differently, and every person’s situation is different.

Treatments include

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Surgery
  • Biological therapy (immunotherapy)
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Last Reviewed:
September 13, 2016
Last Updated:
August 30, 2017
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