Diabetic neuropathy refers to a series of nerve damage diseases that are caused by diabetes. Roughly 50% of patients who have been diagnosed with diabetes will end up having a form of neuropathy, but it is more commonly seen among patients who have been suffering with diabetes for several years.
The disorder may present no symptoms at all in some people, but in others it can spread throughout the whole body and cause pain, tingling or even numbness (a total loss of feelings in the affected area).
Symptoms of diabetic neuropathy will depend upon the type of nerve damage involved. For example, peripheral neuropathy will affect the legs and feet, though the back, abdomen, and arms can also be impacted. Symptoms will include pain, burning, numbness, and tingling.
Another example, autonomic neuropathy could affect the sex organs, urinary system, digestive system, and blood vessels.
Affected digestive system
Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, heartburn, diarrhea, constipation, feeling full after a small meal, and bloating.
Affected blood vessels
Symptoms include a fast heartbeat, dizziness, low blood pressure, vomiting, nausea, feeling full sooner than you normally would, and blacking out when standing up too quickly.
Affected urinary system
Symptoms include having trouble emptying the bladder, incontinence, and bloating, and you may have to make more trips to the bathroom during the night.
Causes pain that is usually only felt on one side of the body, particularly within the buttocks, hips, or thighs. It could also result in weakness within the legs.
Affects nerves within the legs, torso, or head, can cause eye pain, double vision, Bell’s palsy, belly or chest pain, and severe pain in a specific area, such as the legs or lower back.
In order to prevent, or at least delay, the occurrence of diabetic neuropathy, it is recommended that you maintain healthy blood glucose levels. However, if nerve damage has already occurred, keeping blood glucose levels at the appropriate level could delay the occurrence of additional damage.
There are treatments that are available for those with diabetic neuropathy. These include antidepressants and anti-seizure medications to control pain, as well as medications to treat digestive issues, urinary tract ailments, orthostatic hypotension, and sexual dysfunction.