Keratitis

What is Keratitis?

Keratitis is a condition in which the cornea of the eye becomes inflamed. The cornea is the clear, tissue on the front of the eye that covers the iris. This clear tissue is normally dome shaped. At times, keratitis is caused by a bacteria, virus, parasite or fungi causing an infection in the eye.

Another form of keratitis does not involve an infection of any kind. The symptom is caused by wearing your contacts for a longer duration of time than recommended.

It is important go get prompt attention for any type of irritation of the eye. This is because an infection that goes untreated can damage your eye permanently. Permanent damage to your eye also permanently damage your vision as well.

What are the Symptoms of Keratitis?

The symptoms of kerratitis must be carefully monitored. It is important that you receive medical treatment or see your ophthalmologist. Individually, these symptoms may resemble pink eye. However, when they are combined, you will realize that medical attention is necessary to relieve them.

Symptoms include

  • Redness of the eye
  • Pain in the eye
  • Excess production of tears
  • Yellowish discharge from the eye
  • Difficulty opening your eye because of pain or irritation
  • Blurry vision
  • Decrease in vision
  • Light sensitivity
  • Feeling as though something is in your eye or that your eye has been scratched.

If you notice one or more of these symptoms, you should make an appointment with your doctor or ophthalmologist right away. Delaying medical treatment could result in the loss of part, or all of your vision in the affected eye.

How is Keratitis Treated?

Treating noninfectious keratitis will depend on the cause of the condition, such as: a scratch or wearing contacts for an extended period of time, if you are suffering from severe pain in the eye, or an extreme over production of tears, a prescription eye medication and an eye patch may help to improve your condition.

Treatment for an infectious version of keratitis will vary depending on the type of infection you have. Depending on the severity of the infection, your doctor could prescribe an eye drop to treat the infection, an oral medication, or possibly both.

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Last Reviewed:
October 06, 2016
Last Updated:
September 01, 2017