Macular Stains

What are Macular Stains?

Macular Stains are also called salmon patches, angel’s kisses, or stork bites and are a type of birthmark that can appear anywhere on the body as light red flat marks. These marks will eventually fade on some children and remain on others. Angel’s kisses usually appear on the eyelids and the forehead and usually go away by age two.

Stork bites tend to appear on the back of the neck and usually last into adulthood. At least 7 in 10 children will be born with Macular stains. The birthmarks are caused by dilations in tiny blood vessels called capillaries and it’s believed that they aren’t inherited. Macular stains are always non-cancerous, are not linked to any syndromes involving the brain or development, and are never painful or itchy. In the past Macular stains and port-wine stains were thought to be two variations of the same type of birthmark. It is now known that port-wine stains are malformations of capillaries and will never improve by themselves.

What are the Symptoms of Macular Stains?

Birthmarks often mild and therefore have no symptoms and generally need no treatment. They range in color from white to blue.

How are Macular Stains Treated?

Laser treatment can remove Macular stains without scarring and can take anywhere from five minutes to three hours. Corticosteroids taken orally can also reduce the size of birthmarks.