Any condition that primary affects the mood, emotions, feelings, or thoughts of a person is considered a mental illness. Most mental illnesses have non-physical causes, but some are triggered by other physical conditions. For example, dementia is a mental illness that can be triggered by a brain tumor or degenerative disorder.
We currently deal with over 200 distinct mental illnesses, each with their own set of symptoms, treatments, and complications. These disorders affect one in four adults and one in five children in North America.
Mental illnesses are subdivided into five main categories
Practically any unwanted behavioral issue, mood change, or thought pattern could be a sign of a mental disorder. However, many of these same signs are completely normal when they’re not disruptive to your life or routine recurring. Multiple illnesses share general symptoms.
Each treatment plan must be tailored to the type of mental illness, the suspected or confirmed causes, and the patient’s needs and desires. For example, a schizophrenic patient that has a history of self-injury may need a daily sedative and anti-psychotic medications.
Someone with mild depression may only need to exercise more and go through a few weeks of psychotherapy. There are many medications, therapy modalities, thought training programs, and more for a mentally ill patient to try when seeking help for a condition.
Most of the disorders can be managed and treatment can lead to a full recovery or at least help the sufferer to lead a very normal life without major constraints. The biggest obstacle is solely represented by the unfair stigma that sometimes surrounds these conditions that often prevents people from seeking treatment.