Metabolic Syndrome

What is Metabolic Syndrome?

Metabolic syndrome is a term that is used to describe a set of characteristics that increase the probability of a person developing cardiovascular problems and type 2 diabetes.

The identifying characteristics of this condition include high blood pressure, a high level of triglycerides, a low level of HDL cholesterol, a high fasting glucose level and obesity in the abdominal area.

Individuals who have at least three of the above characteristics have metabolic syndrome. Some of the causes that intensify these risk factors include resistance to insulin, a hormonal imbalance, eating unhealthy foods and failure to participate in physical activities.

What are the Symptoms of Metabolic Syndrome?

Individuals can visit their doctor and have blood tests performed to determine if they have the symptoms of metabolic syndrome.

Symptoms include

Blood pressure levels should not be higher than 135/85 mm Hg. High triglyceride levels include readings that are 150 mg/dL or above. HDL cholesterol is also known as the good cholesterol and for men, this level should be under 40 mg/dL and for women it must register below 50 mg/dL.

High fasting blood sugar must be 100 mg/dL or above for both men and women. Individuals can use a cloth tape measure to find out the circumference of their waist. The metabolic syndrome risk factor for men is a waist that measures over 40 inches and for women, their waist should not exceed 35 inches.

How is Metabolic Syndrome Treated?

The treatment plan to reduce the risks for metabolic syndrome is making healthy lifestyle choices to reduce or prevent heart disease and diabetes. Individuals can begin by eating nutritious foods and performing physical exercise every day.

Not only is this better for a person’s heart, but it leads to excess weight loss. Physicians can also prescribe medications that will lower a person’s blood pressure, reduce their cholesterol levels and prevent the formation of blood clots.

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Last Reviewed:
September 21, 2016
Last Updated:
August 31, 2017