Movement Disorder

What is a Movement Disorder?

Movement disorders represent a category of syndromes characterized by both the excess or lack of voluntary or involuntary movements.

Sometimes a movement disorder is a temporary condition which will usually disappear on its own (as for example in the case of hiccups). More serious cases could be a result of possible nerve damage and be a sign of a neurological syndrome. Among those serious conditions, Parkinson disease is one of the most common. Parkinson’s disease is very progressive and limits the ability to speak, restricts use of arms and legs and causes involuntary, often constant, movements.


Identifying the type of movement disorder can provide healthcare providers with a clearer picture of necessary treatment. The first step is for the medical team to be able to identify the kind of the movement disorder.

2 categories include

  • Hyperkinetic –too much movement
  • Hypokinetic –too little movement

What are the Symptoms of a Movement Disorder?

Movement disorder symptoms can vary depending on the type of condition diagnosed and its severity. Anxiety, stress, medications and feelings of tiredness can worsen the symptoms.

Problems with movement and voluntary coordination can have repercussions on the everyday life of people affected by this problem. A person may develop difficulty with their vision or lose the ability to walk. Simple tasks such as getting dressed may become increasingly difficult, amounting to exertion of energy which can leave a person more tired throughout the day.

Reportedly, a person’s diet can amplify some of the symptoms experienced with a mood disorder.

How is a Movement Disorder Treated?

While medical intervention can cure some movement disorders, in more serious cases there is really no cure. With movement disorders that can’t be cured, a comprehensive treatment plan would be put together by healthcare professionals with the goal of pain and symptoms relief.

Last Reviewed:
September 21, 2016
Last Updated:
August 31, 2017