Ovarian Cyst

What is an Ovarian Cyst?

Ovarian cysts most often appear when an egg is released from an ovary. Corpus luteum cysts and follicle cysts are the two most common types. Others are cystadenomas, dermoids and endometriomas.

These common fluid-filled growths are usually benign, and they often go unnoticed. They can be caused by hormonal problems, pelvic infection, endometriosis and pregnancy. Malignancy (ovarian cancer) is rare, especially in younger women.

The presence of ovarian  cysts doesn’t have any negative effects on the probability to become pregnant. However, if these cysts are connected to other issues such as endometriosis or derive from a polycystic ovarian syndrome, it might be more difficult for the woman to conceive.

What are the Symptoms of an Ovarian Cyst?

The signs and severity of symptoms depend on the size and type of growth. The most common symptom of an ovarian cyst is stabbing, ongoing or intermittent pain on one side of the lower pelvic region, abdominal pressure and a feeling of fullness. Symptoms that occur less frequently may include:

  • Dull ache in the thighs and lumbar region
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Irregular or painful menstrual periods
  • Frequent or difficult urination
  • Unusual weight gain
  • Increase in body hair
  • Painful menstruation
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Unusual breast tenderness

Large cysts can cause an ovary to twist and rupture. Signs of a ruptured ovary are excruciating pain in the lower pelvic region, fever, internal bleeding, queasiness, vomiting and shock. These symptoms require immediate medical care.

How is an Ovarian Cyst Treated?

Treatment for an ovarian cyst depends on the type, size, age and overall symptoms. Treatment for an ovarian cyst may include:

  • Ultrasound monitoring to watch for changes
  • Hormonal birth control method to lessen the risk of developing additional ovarian cysts
  • Surgical removal of cyst or affected ovary