Ovarian cysts most often appear when an egg is released from an ovary. Corpus luteum cysts and follicle cysts are the two most common types. Others are cystadenomas, dermoids and endometriomas.
These common fluid-filled growths are usually benign, and they often go unnoticed. They can be caused by hormonal problems, pelvic infection, endometriosis and pregnancy. Malignancy (ovarian cancer) is rare, especially in younger women.
The presence of ovarian cysts doesn’t have any negative effects on the probability to become pregnant. However, if these cysts are connected to other issues such as endometriosis or derive from a polycystic ovarian syndrome, it might be more difficult for the woman to conceive.
The signs and severity of symptoms depend on the size and type of growth. The most common symptom of an ovarian cyst is stabbing, ongoing or intermittent pain on one side of the lower pelvic region, abdominal pressure and a feeling of fullness. Symptoms that occur less frequently may include:
Large cysts can cause an ovary to twist and rupture. Signs of a ruptured ovary are excruciating pain in the lower pelvic region, fever, internal bleeding, queasiness, vomiting and shock. These symptoms require immediate medical care.
Treatment for an ovarian cyst depends on the type, size, age and overall symptoms. Treatment for an ovarian cyst may include: