Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is also known as PID. This infection of a woman’s reproductive organs is considered one of the most serious complications that result from a sexually transmitted infection.

PID could lead to irreversible damage to a woman’s fallopian tubes, ovaries, or uterus, and it can also cause damage to other areas of the reproductive system. It can even result in infertility.

Many times, this disease is caused by a sexually transmitted infection (STI), such as chlamydia or gonorrhea. However, it can also be caused by bacteria that enter the body via a miscarriage, abortion, IUD, endometrial biopsy, or childbirth, as a few examples.

What are the Symptoms of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?

Some patients with PID will not exhibit any symptoms. But for women who do have symptoms, they might include pain within the lower abdomen or upper abdomen, pain during sex, pain during urination, fever, irregular bleeding, abnormally painful or long periods, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, and fatigue.

Severe symptoms include vomiting, a high fever over 101°F (38°C), fainting, and sharp pain within the abdomen.

How is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Treated?

Treatment for pelvic inflammatory disease commonly includes the use antibiotics, and your sexual partner should also be treated if an STI is to blame. Temporarily abstaining from sex will also be recommended until you are completely healed.

If there is an abscess that has ruptured or has the potential to rupture, surgery may be employed to remove it. Surgery might also be necessary for individuals who don’t respond to antibiotics.

Last Reviewed:
October 08, 2016
Last Updated:
August 24, 2017
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