What is Periodontitis?

A severe form of gingivitis is referred to as Periodontitis. In this condition, the inflammation in your gums will extend to the structures that support your teeth.

This is one of the top causes of adult tooth loss. It is the top cause of loss of teeth in older individuals as well.

Put simply, this infection will cause the bones that are responsible for holding teeth in place to erode. This erosion causes the attachments to weaken, and the teeth become loose. Eventually, the teeth fall out or have to be extracted.

What are the Symptoms of Periodontitis?

There are several symptoms associated with periodontitis. These include:

  • Gums that are tender to the touch
  • Gums that are swollen
  • Gums that recede from the teeth, causing the teeth to appear longer
  • Gums that are purplish or bright red
  • The formation of new spaces between the teeth
  • Changes in the way that the teeth fit together when biting
  • The development of pus between the gums and teeth
  • A bad taste in the mouth
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth

How is Periodontitis Treated?

Because periodontitis is usually caused by poor oral hygiene, simply brushing your teeth at least twice daily, as well as flossing daily, could help prevent it. Regularly see your dentist for checkups and cleanings to also reduce the odds of getting periodontitis.

Once periodontitis has developed, several treatment options are available. These include root planing, antibiotics, and scaling, which are all non-surgical options.

Advanced periodontitis will likely require some form of surgery, such as soft tissue grafts, bone grafting, flap surgery, enamel matrix derivative application, and guided tissue regeneration.

Last Reviewed:
October 08, 2016
Last Updated:
August 24, 2017