What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is a skin condition that is fairly common. It causes visible blood vessels in the face, making it appear red.  Bumps filled with pus may also appear, increasing the red appearance.

People with rosacea have flare ups that can last as long as several months and then go away for periods of time.  It is most common in middle age women but it can appear in women and men of all ages.  There is no cure for it but there are several ways that it can be treated.

What are the Symptoms of Rosacea?

The most common symptom of rosacea is redness of the face.  The central part of the face is where it usually appears as small blood vessels swell.  Red bumps that look like pimples often appear and make the skin feel hot and tender to the touch.

About have of people with rosacea have problems with dry eyes, swelling, and redness around the eyes.  For some of those people, the eye problems can be worse than the skin symptoms.

In more extreme case, the skin on the nose can thicken and make it appear bulbous.  This does not usually happen with women and is more common in men.

How is Rosacea Treated?

Treatment focuses on the symptoms of rosacea, since it cannot be cure.  Both over-the-counter and prescription treatments are available.  Prescription treatment can include medications to reduce the redness like Mirvaso.  This type of treatment constricts the blood vessels and the effects are temporary. Other topical treatments last longer but don’t take effect for 3-6 weeks.  Oral antibiotics fight inflammation and bumps. Severe rosacea may be treated with isotretinoin, which is a strong acne drug.

Alternative treatments include laser therapy, dermabrasion, light therapy or electrosurgery.

Last Reviewed:
September 14, 2016
Last Updated:
August 23, 2017