Schizoid Personality Disorder

What is Schizoid Personality Disorder?

Schizoid Personality Disorder manifests itself by early adulthood as indifference to social relationships where the individual has very limited experience in social settings and exhibits a small range of emotional expression.

These individuals manage to function in their day to day lives but don’t develop any close relationships with others.  Those dealing with Schizoid Personality Disorder tend to enjoy spending time alone, daydreaming, rarely express intense emotions, prefer to form connections with animals as opposed to other people, and enjoy working at solitary jobs that most people would find unbearable.

Some mental health professionals believe that a childhood void of warmth and affection may contribute to the development of Schizoid Personality Disorder.

What are the Symptoms of Schizoid Personality Disorder?

Symptoms include choosing jobs and activities that are solitary, having a hard time relating to others, being indifferent to criticism and praise, demonstrating very little interest in having sex with others, appearing emotionally cold and detached, having no interest in forming close relationships with anyone, showing no noticeable changes in mood, and never developing close friendships.  Men are more likely to develop Schizoid Personality Disorder than women.

Schizoid Personality Disorder Causes

Schizoid personality disorder is believed to have a genetic basis, but this genetic basis constitutes only 50% of the reason anyone goes on to develop schizoid personality disorder. In contrast to disorders such as schizophrenia, it is generally believed that environment can explain both the onset of schizoaffective disorder and that severity of the symptoms. For instance, it is known that persons with perfectionist or cold parents are more likely to have schizoid personality disorder.

Another key factor in understanding schizoid personality disorder is the hormonal profile of persons afflicted with this condition. Most schizoids appear to have abnormally high levels of cortisol and alpha amylase. These hormones are associated with high levels of stress and those who have suffered trauma. It is believed that persons who are prone to high levels of stress are naturally prone to developing schizoid personality disorder.

How is Schizoid Personality Disorder Treated?

Talk therapy is recommended to help the individual with Schizoid Personality Disorder learn how to relate better to others.  Since trust is important for therapy to work treatment can be difficult because those suffering from Schizoid Personality Disorder aren’t comfortable forming close relationships with others.

In most cases medication is not used to treat Schizoid Personality Disorder but may be prescribed if the individual is also suffering from severe episodes of anxiety that are brought on by the fear of other people or is experiencing depression.

Schizoid Personality Disorder Prevention

Preventing schizoid personality can be done by focusing on the various factors that appear in childhood. It is often known that people with schizoid personality disorder were bullied or abused as children. This tends to produce a desire to avoid others and to avoid experiencing emotions.

Preventing abuse and bullying can do a lot to keep people from experiencing the sort of things that are often associated with schizoid personality disorder. Not every single case of schizoid personality disorder is preventable with good parenting or betters schooling.

In many cases, the person affected with schizoid personality disorder could not have been saved from the condition. This is why many people are emphasizing the use of genetic screening and other methods of preventing births of schizoids. These methods are effective when used with birth control and the insight of medical professionals who can help a woman understand what she needs to do in order to make sure her baby’s mental health is protected into adulthood.

Last Reviewed:
September 21, 2016
Last Updated:
November 02, 2017
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