Stage 4 Prostate Cancer

What is Stage 4 Prostate Cancer?

Stage 4 is the most advanced and severe form of prostate cancer. Once prostate cancer spreads outside of the prostate, it is considered to have to reached this stage. While some cancers go undetected until this stage, most cases are discovered earlier because of the warning signs.

Most people are already undergoing treatment when they reach this stage, making it even harder to find the right solution. Stage 4 prostate cancer survival rates are very low, but treatments at least extend a patient’s life and control their symptoms.

What are the Symptoms of Stage 4 Prostate Cancer?

Signs your cancer has reached this advanced stage include:

  • Persistent leg and back pain with no other cause
  • Urinary conditions like trouble starting or stopping
  • Blood in the urine
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Hair loss and lack of energy due to testosterone loss

How is Stage 4 Prostate Cancer Treated?

Since the tumors in stage 4 prostate cancer have spread to the lymph nodes and other organs, surgery is no longer an option for removing all the tissue. Radiation is primarily used, but it’s rarely enough to save the patient’s life and is usually considered palliative care to reduce pain instead.

Most medications are prescribed to prevent nausea, pain, and other symptoms that come with organ damage. People with stage 4 prostate cancer have a less than 10% chance of five year survival, so a diagnosis warrants a serious conversation about hospice care and end-of-life arrangements.