Stomach cancer is the abnormal growth of malignant cells within the stomach. The cancerous cells can break apart and spread to other organs throughout the body via the lymphatic system or the bloodstream. It is also possible for the stomach cancer cells to penetrate into organs that are located near the stomach.
It is not known what causes stomach cancer, but risk factors include a family history of stomach cancer, poor diet, smoking, obesity, low physical activity level, infection with Helicobacter Pylori, and stomach inflammation.
Stomach cancer symptoms might include pain or discomfort in the stomach, vomiting, nausea, difficulty swallowing, blood in the stool, vomiting of blood, bloat or a feeling of fullness even after eating a small meal, and weight loss.
Because these symptoms can be associated with other conditions, a diagnosis of stomach cancer is made by conducting a physical exam, checking a patient’s medical history, and performing a biopsy and endoscopy.
Treatments for stomach cancer include partial or total gastrectomy, which is a surgery to remove cancerous tissues, as well as radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
Treatment will depend upon the location and size of the stomach tumor, the stage of the cancer, and the patient’s overall health.
For stomach cancer that is creating a blockage within the gastrointestinal tract, treatment options include laser therapy, radiation therapy, the placement of a stent, and surgery.
Following stomach surgery, healthy eating habits will assist in healing the body. Supplementation with vitamins and minerals, along with altering the way that you eat, may be necessary.