This rare condition occurs when the walls of the aorta become inflamed, which causes the arteries to constrict and prevents the blood from flowing to other areas of the body. In addition, this condition also decreases the amount of oxygen that the organs of the body receive.
The reasons why individuals get this disorder is not known, but it is thought that Takayasu’s arteritis is a disease of the autoimmune system. Females between the ages of 15 to 40 are most likely to be afflicted with this condition although individuals of any age or gender can be diagnosed with this disorder.
There are many symptoms that indicate an individual has Takayasu’s arteritis. Many people will experience pains in their chest and lack of strength or pain in their arms. High blood pressure and a reduction in pulse rate are also common symptoms. Some individuals may have varying blood pressure levels when readings are taken in both arms. People often feel dizzy, lightheaded or tired, and they have changes in their vision. It is also common to have pains in the joints and muscles, and some individuals develop a rash on their skin.
Complications of this condition include heart failure, a stroke, a heart attack and blood clots, so it is imperative that individuals receive treatment as soon as possible. Medications, such as immunosuppressive drugs, steroids and TNF inhibitors are often prescribed for individuals with this disorder. If necessary, rituximab and tocilizumab may also be taken for treatment. Taking a daily aspirin in a low dose is often recommended to prohibit blood clots. Angioplasty surgery is often performed to increase the size of the blood vessels by using a stent. Bypass grafting is another surgical procedure that is done to reroute the flow of blood so it travels around the blocked blood vessel.