Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a condition that happens when the nerves or blood vessels between the collarbone and first rib become compressed.
The disorder occurs when a change or enlargement is present in the tissues near the first rib. This can appear as a result of various factors such as trauma, anatomical defects, poor posture, pressure on the joints, pregnancy, and repetitious movements. Young adult females are among those more likely to experience the condition.
Depending on the type, patients experiencing thoracic outlet syndrome may notice a variety of symptoms.
Some patients may also be susceptible to the formation of blood clots with the condition. Left untreated, it can ultimately result in nerve damage.
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome is caused when the blood vessels or the nerves underneath the clavicle (or collarbone) are compressed.
Most of the time, conservative treatments are sufficient in treating thoracic outlet syndrome, particularly when it is diagnosed early.
Physical therapy through strengthening and stretch exercises is often tried first. If needed, a doctor can prescribe anti-inflammatory medications to treat pain and swelling and promote the relaxation of muscles.
Clot-dissolving drugs will be given to patients with blood clots.
Surgery is only recommended if other therapies have been ineffective, as it involves higher risks of complications and is not always a successful option.
Companies are responsible for ensuring the work areas are ergonomically friendly, and athletes are responsibly for keeping their bodies in fit and healthy condition. Ergonomics can improve comfort for employees and can also maximize efficiency.
Warming up properly and sitting with correct posture can reduce daily fatigue. Proper mechanics such as stretching can be of immense help in avoiding unnecessary injury.
Drinking water is important because the human body has at least 70% water in healthy muscles. If the muscles become dehydrated, they have a much higher likelihood of experiencing strain, muscle fatigue, tendonitis, and many other movement system disorders. It is also important to eat healthy food because the nutrients in food determine how well the body can fight illness or disorders from the inside.
Getting enough sleep is also important because stress hormones are increased if the body is short on rest. Less sleep also directly correlates to chronic diseases and injuries. Proper exercise also contributes to muscular health; the types that the human body needs include strength, aerobic/cardiovascular, relaxation, and stretching exercises. Vitamins can assist in fighting inflammation and fatigue, but should not be substituted for a healthy diet.