Tricuspid valve disease is a heart condition that causes the valve located between the right ventricle and right atrium to function improperly.
It usually appears alongside other various heart valve issues.
Rheumatic fever is commonly associated with the development of tricuspid valve disease. Those with a personal history of the condition are at higher risk of experiencing it later in life. Other conditions that have been identified as causes of the disease include endocarditis, congenital heart defects, coronary heart disease, heart attack, trauma to the heart, and congestive heart failure. In rare cases, the presence of tumors may be responsible.
Depending on the type, patients who have developed a tricuspid valve disease might experience specific symptoms.
The dilation of the right ventricle can cause the tricuspid valve to function inefficiently and this, in turn, puts the victim at high risk of tricuspid valve disease.
People with malformed tricuspid valve can suffer from tricuspid valve disease. It happens when the malformed tricuspid valve sits abnormally in the right ventricle, which can cause backward leakage of blood to the right atrium, leading to tricuspid valve disease.
In children, however, the tricuspid valve disease can result from congenital or genetic heart defects. There can also be a connective tissue defect that occurs to children at birth causing tricuspid valve disease.
Car accidents can result in trauma, leading to tricuspid valve disease – this is particularly so when the chest suffers trauma.
A condition can arise where the lining of the heart is hurt by an infection causing tricuspid valve disease. This condition is referred to as infective endocarditis. Carcinoid heart disease can be caused by carcinoid syndrome, growth of a tumor in the in the digestive system or the lungs, which multiplies to the liver, impeding the normal functionality of the tricuspid valve.
Mild cases of tricuspid valve disease may not require immediate treatment. Rather, a medical professional will monitor the patient at regular intervals and recommend various therapies if the condition becomes more serious. This might include prescription drugs including vasodilators and diuretics, as well as medications to treat other symptoms that are becoming problematic.
As the disease progresses, surgical repair may eventually be needed. Depending on the circumstances, the procedure may involve valve repair or valve replacement.
Controlling inconsistent heartbeats through a procedure called cardiac ablation is necessary to prevent the tricuspid valve disease.
As some of the causes of the disease, such as congenital heart defects, can’t be stopped, in some cases, the disease is not preventable. Oftentimes, people may not even know they have the disease until it is too late to prevent – there are few identifiable symptoms. In these situations, it’s usually found when doctors analyse a patient’s history while testing for other diseases, for example through an echocardiogram procedure.
Doctors determine the blood flow through the heart, the tricuspid valve and the structure of the heart. They can also administer tests such as X-ray on the chest, stress tests and cardiac catheterization amongst others to determine the condition of the tricuspid valve and see how far along the diseases it, and whether it can still be prevented.