Age spots, also called liver spots, are a common occurrence, appearing on the skin surfaces exposed to sunlight. So, let's learn how to get rid of age spots on face treatment options.
The brown, red or black spots are harmless, not cancerous, and begin to appear when people reach the age of 40 and above. Age spots are also related to aging. However, they can and do appear on young people who spend a lot of time in the sun.
They are called â€œliver spotsâ€, because not long ago, they were believed to be caused by liver problems. In fact, the only relation they have to the liver is the color. The question is how do you get rid of age spots on the face? The answer is there are many methods of getting rid of liver spots. We'll give readers a good selection of available methods and products.
Just like the body produces melatonin to help people sleep at night, it also produces melanin, which is the pigment (color) in the skin. A tan, for example, or the lack of one in very fair people, is due to melanin.
Freckles and age spots are both due to the presence of melanin in the skin. Melanin production is caused both by age and the UV light of the sun hitting the skin.
These freckle-like spots range from the size of an ordinary freckle to around one half inch. They are darker than the skin. They appear on skin surfaces exposed to the sun and appear on skin of an olive hue, dark skin, tanned skin, and fair skin.
Note to those with liver spots: If the spots become darker, unusually colored, larger, sensitive or itchy, see a doctor immediately. While liver spots are not harmful, the above listed signs could be the signs of skin cancer. Don't take chances, see a doctor posthaste.
Treatments for liver spots encompass over-the-counter and prescription creams, dermatological treatments, and natural herbal treatments.
Keep two things in mind: prescriptions and dermatological treatments have side effects, and people treating freckle-like spots will need to keep out of the sun. At the very least, they will need a sun lotion with an SPF of over 30 so the spots won't come back.
With that said, let's tackle the medical treatments first.
Doctors assure us that no over-the-counter creams or serums will get rid of age spots forever. They will, however, fade the spots and lighten the surrounding skin, say the doctors.
The most recommended creams and serums combine naturals like cucumber and lemon, thyme extracts and bearberry extract to moisturize the skin while lightening it simultaneously.
While the doctors remind us that nothing takes away the spots permanently, they can give prescriptions for creams like Tri-Luma, for instance. These creams exfoliate, lighten the spots and brighten the skin.
The spots sometimes return after a time, say the doctors, and they reiterate the need for sunscreen and/or staying out of the sun.
The most common methods of ridding the face and body of freckle-like spots is laser and intense pulsed light therapies. The spots are hit with lasers and pulsed lights, destroying the melanin-producing cells directly beneath the skin. It usually takes two to three treatments to eliminate the spots, and some discoloring of the skin is to be expected. Little to no side effects are expected from the treatments.
Cryotherapy is another method of spot removal. It consists of a Q-Tip dipped in liquid nitrogen, and then applied to a spot or a small congregation of spots. The freezing destroys surplus pigment, leaving the skin lighter.
Dermabrasion and microdermabrasion are methods by which the skin is filed down, as with sandpaper. Old skin is sloughed off and new skin appears in its place. The theory is that spots will be sloughed off with the dermabrasion brush as well. It might take a few months to see results.
Last but not least is the chemical peel. In this treatment, the skin is melted off by acids, taking the spots with it. New skin takes its place, without spots, hopefully.
Note to those with liver spots: It is vitally important to use sunscreen or stay out of the sun when using these methods of spot removal. Some medications and treatments leave the body sensitive to light, and serious medical problems could occur.
Natural and herbal treatments take a holistic approach to healing: deal with the inside, the outside and the mindset behind it all in order to heal the whole entity.