Unfortunately, when the disease is in its early stages, eye melanoma does not cause symptoms. This results in more delays in proper diagnosis.
When symptoms do occur, they can include:
In the case of a small melanoma, your doctor may recommend watchful waiting to see if it grows. However, if your doctor recommends treatment, it will likely include surgery, radiation, laser treatments, and/or cold treatments.
According to the American Cancer Society, it is not possible to prevent eye melanoma because experts are not yet sure what exactly causes the condition in the first place.
Nevertheless, because there is a known link between exposure to sunlight and melanoma of the skin, you can try to reduce your risk of eye melanoma by limiting any exposure to sunlight that is intense.
Protect your eyes by wearing sunglasses that provide protection against UV rays. A great choice is a pair of wrap-around glasses that will absorb 100% of UVA and UVB rays. You can also wear a hat when you go outside so that your eyes can be further protected from the sun's harsh rays.
Other ways to reduce your risk for eye melanoma, and any other type of cancer, include eating right, exercising regularly, and reducing the level of stress that you experience in your everyday life.
Eye melanoma is a serious condition, and researchers are still learning more about it. Have your eyes examined annually to ensure a prompt diagnosis in case it does develop.