Polyester Allergy

In most instances, allergic reactions are experienced when one consumes certain foods or comes into contact with various chemicals. However, a person may suffer allergic reactions from wearing some specific fabrics such as polyester. Polyester allergy is one of the common conditions experienced by people today. This condition can be avoided through several ways. In case you have already suffered this allergy, there are known cures that can be applied with the help of a doctor.

What causes polyester allergies?

Allergy is basically the body system’s negative reaction to substances that are not ordinarily considered harmful. This condition can also be referred to as an allergen. The most common allergies include dust, grass and pollen. Allergy from polyesters is also common in the world today. More cases of polyester allergy have been reported in recent statistics.

Allergic reaction to polyester, also known as textile dermatitis, occurs when a person comes into contact with specific fabrics. The irritation and itchy feeling is caused by certain chemicals that are added to the fabric during manufacturing. These chemicals may include dyes, detergents and other ingredients used in the whole process of manufacturing and cleaning clothes.

The most basic source of allergic reactions is the genetic composition of a person. Genes are inherited from parents to their children, so in case either or both of your parents suffer from this condition, you are also likely to have this allergic reaction.

In addition, one could experience discomfort occasioned by the availability of some animal furs, which might be entrapped in the clothing that you wear.

Symptoms of polyester allergy

According to Healthline, some of the most common allergic reactions include:

  • Itchy feelings, which vary from mild to severe depending on the extent of the allergies
  • Rashes in the parts that come into contact with the fabric
  • Swelling of the skin surface that touched the clothing
  • Sneezing
  • Difficulties in breathing
  • Abnormal warm sensations to the body
  • A red coloration of the hands and red markings on the legs

In severe cases, the patient might experience anaphylaxis, which is a very serious condition that can be life-threatening if not treated very fast and in the right manner.

If you are experiencing such conditions, there are certain things that could make the situation even more severe for you. These include:

  • Having poor hygiene
  • Wearing tight clothes
  • Obstructing the skin from adequate ventilation
  • Obesity
  • Exposing the skin to too much heat or moisture

Diagnosis of polyester allergies

Three basic tests are used to determine the possibility of polyester allergy:

  • Scratch tests
  • Intradermal tests
  • Patch tests

According to Healthguideinfo, the most common method for identifying this condition is the patch test. This is because the test is fast in yielding results, and it is safer in comparison to the other tests. During a patch test, the specialist applies small quantities of familiar allergic activators using a tape to hold the same in place. After two days, the tape strips are removed and the reactions are observed. In the event that one is suffering from this condition, some red spots will be visible in the places where the tapes had covered.

How you can treat polyester allergy

If you are suffering from polyester allergies, there are several first aid procedures you can follow to help relieve your condition. These include drugs that can be obtained from local chemist outlets. Such medications include:

  • Antihistamines
  • Anticholinergic nasal sprays
  • Hydrocortisone cream
  • Decongestants
  • Steroid nasal sprays

These drugs are commonly used to treat allergic reactions that are relatively mild. They can also be used regularly because they have minimal side effects.

However, it is not advisable to take any medication without first consulting a doctor, especially if you are not properly informed about such medication. Many times people make mistakes when they self-medicate, leading to an unwanted health condition.

In the event that you suffer severe allergies, the medications alone might not be of much help to you. You should get advanced attention and properly get adequate testing to determine the exact cause of allergic reactions. The doctor can give you allergy shots, which is a method of distributing immunotherapy. This is most commonly used for people suffering from very serious seasonal allergies.

How can you prevent yourself from polyester related allergies?

The most effective way to avoid polyester allergies is avoiding any contact with polyester materials. How can one avoid such materials if at all they cannot identify them? This is a question asked by many people who do not have information on the various clothing that contains polyester.

According to allergysymptomsx.com, polyester is commonly found in:

  • Bed sheets
  • Pajamas
  • Exercise clothing
  • Some types of carpets
  • Khaki clothes
  • Toy doll hairs or plush faux furs

If you are allergic to polyester, you should avoid the above types of clothing. In their place, you can try out:

  • Denim
  • Wool
  • Silk
  • Cotton
  • Lycra
  • Other types of clothing from natural fiber


Allergic reactions are quite uncomfortable to bear especially if you are the kind of a person who suffers severe types of allergies. Such allergies can cause deaths in extreme cases. If you have experienced some type of skin irritation whenever you wear a certain type of cloth, it is a high time you visit your doctor for testing. You might be suffering from polyester allergies and this needs prompt attention.

It is important that you avoid contact with anything that is likely to bring you such a reaction. However, in the event that you contact the allergies, make certain that you seek immediate therapy to prevent the condition from spreading further or causing more discomforts and pain.

Last Reviewed:
June 22, 2018
Last Updated:
June 24, 2018