Porosis

By itself, Porosis is simply a term that describes a level of porousness in an object or item. Often, this condition is connected with a condition in the bones, which causes the porous appearance, and is known as Osteoporosis.

What is the definition of Porosis?

Porosis is defined as an object or item in a porous condition and is the synonym to porosity. Little used on its own, Porosis is a descriptive word that can apply to a variety of different situations; however, it is mostly used in a medical setting.

The term Porosis as a description comes from the greek Poros, meaning passage, and applies to the thinning of bone tissues, especially in regard to connective tissues - such as in Osteoporosis. Connected in one word, this term means porosity of the bones, which accurately describes the effect this condition has on the marrow and inside of a person’s bones.

Medical Porosis or Osteoporosis

A chronic and painful condition that is the result of reduced bone mass, Osteoporosis is the medical term for Porosis that affects the bones. This condition results in increasingly fragile bone structure. This is because of the ‘thinning’ of the bones that this condition causes, resulting in the bones becoming less dense.

This condition is increasingly common in relation to age, with older people being more susceptible to Osteoporosis and more likely to develop the condition. The Porosis appearance of bones refers to ones that are physically reduced, through holes in the bone marrow and increased cavities. This leads to the increase in breakages and overall fragility of the bones.

Bones are formed from elastic collagen fibers as well as hardened minerals in order to form a functional skeleton to the human body. As a living part of the body, bones contain the cells in their marrow that allow the creation and molding of the body and even act as a method of reabsorption. Osteoporosis literally influences the strength of these tissues and the ability of the bones to maintain a good density of the material.

From the age of 35, it is likely that a person’s level of material within the bones will start decreasing. Osteoporosis is a severe loss of this strength and can either be severe, causing pain and frequent breakages or a more minor version of this condition - which is known as Osteopenia.

Causes of Porosis

The main cause of Porosis, or Osteoporosis, is simply age. However, there are many factors that can affect the likelihood of this condition occurring to a person. Women are far more likely to contract this condition than men, as females lose bone mass and material more quickly than males.

In addition, menopause can also influence the appearance of Osteoporosis, as it often represents a sharp reduction in Oestrogen, which is a hormone that prevents this loss. As a result, more than 2 in 100 women have a form of bone Porosis by age 50, with a greater increase by age 80.

A family history of Osteoporosis may increase the likelihood of Osteoporosis occurring, as well as previous fractures following a minor fall or injury. As well as age and genetic factors, a very low BMI or poor diet can cause Osteoporosis to become more likely. Level of mobility may also have an influence on this condition.

Finally, intake of steroid medications as well as smoking and a high alcohol consumption can all influence the likeliness of Porosis of the bones becoming present later in life.

The following medical conditions can also influence how likely it is for someone to develop Osteoporosis:

  • Coeliac disease
  • Overactive thyroid
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Chronic liver disease
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Type one diabetes

Any condition that severely reduces mobility can also result in an increased chance of developing Osteoporosis.

Symptoms of Porosis

Porosis of the bones, or Osteoporosis, can often be diagnosed at the time of bone breakage or following an accident that requires the input of a doctor or hospital. As a common condition, many of the symptoms may also apply to other conditions. As such, getting properly diagnosed is key to getting proper care for this condition.

A bone fracture as a result of a minor injury or fall, that would otherwise not occur, is a strong indicator of Osteoporosis. These injuries often occur in certain areas, such as the hip, the wrist or even the spine, as areas with particularly vulnerable bones with little cushioning against injury.

Other symptoms of Osteoporosis may also include:

  • Loss of height over time
  • A bad back that is persistent or worsens over time
  • A progressively more stooped or bent posture

Aches and pains without an apparent injury or break is not a symptom of Osteoporosis, but fractures in the spine may not be immediately noticed in the same way as hip or wrist breaks. It’s important to consult a doctor and request an X-ray in order to confirm if you do have Osteoporosis, in order the effectively manage the condition.

Treatment for Porosis

Porosis of the bones can be treated with a variety of different medications and the careful management of diet. However, a lot of the treatment of Osteoporosis, especially when advanced, is in the management and care following breaks or injuries as a result of the condition.

The following medications may be used in order to reduce the symptoms of Osteoporosis, and improve the strength of the bones:

  • Bisphosphonates to slow the rate of bones being broken down within the body, as well as maintaining current density and reducing the risk of fractures
  • Selective Oestrogen Receptor Modulators or SERMs to treat bones in a similar way to Oestrogen, following menopause
  • Parathyroid hormones to stimulate the creation of new cells within the bones, often used for the most advanced cases of this condition
  • Calcium/Vitamin D supplements to increase the strength and health of bones in the body
  • Hormone replacement therapy following menopause or loss of hormones, to maintain the strength and health of bones for longer

The most suitable and effective course of treatment for Porosis will be decided by your doctor following diagnosis, to ensure the best match.

Preventing Porosis

Prevention of Porosis of the bones, or Osteoporosis, is in part based on the management of diet and medication, in order to avoid and reduce the risk of breakages and fractures in day to day life.

Altering your lifestyle to match the condition or Porosis of your bones can help to reduce risks, as well as improving diet and altering habits such as drinking and smoking can all help to prevent Osteoporosis from directly influencing the quality of life of an individual.

A doctor will be able to advise you on the best prevention methods for your level of Osteoporosis, as well as your day to day requirements.