Staph In Nose

When Staph in nose causes an infection, the patient may exhibit various symptoms, such as mucus production, sinus inflammation, pimples, boils or abscesses.

What is Staph in nose?

Commonly referred to as Staph, Staphylococcus Aureus bacteria is present in numerous sites on the body. In fact, some people carry Staph in their nose at all times, whilst other individuals may have Staphylococcus Aureus bacteria on other parts of their body. Providing it does not multiply, Staph in nose may not cause any negative symptoms and the individual may not even be aware that the bacteria is present.

However, if Staph in the nose is able to break through the nasal membranes and the body’s immune system is unable to control it, an infection may take hold. When this happens, Staph in the nose can cause patients to develop numerous symptoms and medical treatment will typically be required.

What are the symptoms of Staph in the nose?

If an infection occurs, Staph in the nose can cause a variety of symptoms, such as:

  • Nasal discharge
  • Congestion
  • Mucus production
  • Pimples, abscesses or boils on the skin
  • Nodules or carbuncles
  • Cellulitis
  • Sinus pain
  • General feeling of illness
  • Headaches
  • Fever or chills

When Staphylococcus Aureus bacteria causes a nasal infection, it usually arises after the patient has had a cold or another type of viral infection. The initial illness can lead to damage of the nasal passages, and this allows the bacteria to take hold. Once this happens, the body’s immune system is activated and begins to fight the infection. Whilst symptoms, such as mucus production and congestion, are unpleasant, they are the body’s way of ridding itself of the bacteria. This explains why individuals often develop secondary health problems, such as sinus infections, after having a cold or flu.

However, Staph in the nose doesn’t just cause symptoms in the nasal area. In some cases, bacteria can be carried to other sites on the body. Although an infection of Staph in the nose may originate in the face, it could cause symptoms, such as skin lesions, on any part of the body.

The skin lesions caused by Staphylococcus Aureus can vary in intensity. Some patients may develop small pimples, which usually heal without any additional treatment. For others, however, Staph in the nose could lead to an infection which causes abscesses, boils, carbuncles, nodules or cellulitis.

Boils may be found on or under the skin and are usually fairly painful. When numerous boils form in a cluster, it may be known as a carbuncle. This can be more serious as a carbuncle can cause the surrounding cells to die and may allow pus to spread to other areas. If Staph in the nose leads to cellulitis, patients may require more intensive treatment. Cellulitis can be a very serious infection and may lead to tissue death and ulceration.

Depending on the type of skin lesions caused by Staph in the nose, patients may experience:

  • Pain
  • Skin inflammation
  • Itching
  • Redness of the skin
  • Broken or cracked skin
  • Feeling of warmth at the site of the lesion

In some cases, a Staphylococcus Aureus infection, originating from Staph in the nose, can lead to even more serious illnesses. Patients could develop any of the following as a complication of a Staph infection:

  • Sepsis
  • Pneumonia
  • Meningitis
  • Endocarditis

Due to the life-threatening nature of these illnesses, patients will require urgent and intensive treatment if Staph in the nose develops into any of these conditions.

What causes Staph in the nose?

Every individual has a wide range of bacteria living on and in their body. Invisible to the naked eye, these bacteria do not usually cause complications unless the body is overcome by them. Whilst Staph in the nose is not uncommon, it is only usually problematic if it is able to break through the nasal membrane and enter the patient’s system. As most people have the Staphylococcus Aureus bacteria on their skin, it only takes a small cut or lesion for it to be able to invade other parts of the body as well.

As we move around public spaces and interact with other people, additional bacteria can easily be picked up and transferred to the skin. If individuals repeatedly touch their face, for example, they could be transferring more bacteria to their nasal cavity, which could lead to an increase of Staph in the nose and may also increase the risk of an infection occurring.

What is the treatment for Staph in the nose?

For most people, having Staph in the nose is not necessarily a medical problem. It only becomes an issue if Staph in the nose leads to an infection. When this happens, medical intervention and treatment is necessary.

However, Staph infections vary in severity and patients may require different treatments. A patient who develops a minor sinus infection as a result of Staph in the nose may be treated with a short course of oral antibiotics, for example, whilst a patient who contracts cellulitis because of Staph in the nose may require large doses of intravenous antibiotics.

Usually, antibiotics can be used to resolve infections caused by Staph in the nose and, in the vast majority of cases, patients will be prescribed oral medications and can be treated on an outpatient basis. For more serious infections, inpatient treatments are often required. Similarly, if patients have a low immunity or existing health problems, such as diabetes, they may be treated more conservatively and stronger antibiotic medications may be used.

As well as receiving treatment to resolve the infection, patients may require medical treatment to reduce the symptoms caused by a Staph infection. If a boil or abscess has formed, for example, the lesion may need to be drained so that pus is released from the site. This can drastically reduce the patient’s pain and discomfort, and may also prevent the infection from spreading to other areas of the skin.

In addition to this, topical antibiotics may be applied to the site in order to help treat the infection. This can help to resolve the patient’s symptoms more quickly and ensures that bacteria cannot survive at the site.

In severe cases, abscesses and carbuncles may need to be removed under local anesthetic, and surrounding tissue may also be cut away from the body. If Staph in the nose has resulted in a fast-spreading and severe infection, it may be safer to remove the surrounding tissue to prevent further damage occurring and to reduce the likelihood of the infection spreading even further.

Whilst serious infections caused by Staph in the nose require extensive medical care, the vast majority of these infections are more minor and can be treated fairly easily. Although antibiotic resistance is a cause for concern in treated Staph infections, most patients respond well to initial antibiotic treatment and the infection is often resolved quickly, without any complications arising.

Can Staph in the nose be prevented?

Although bacteria can sometimes be harmful to the body, it also needs it in order to function. Whilst it’s sensible to avoid overloading the body with bacteria, it can be difficult to avoid having Staph in the nose at all.

Everyday interactions and functions are likely to introduce some form of bacteria on to a person’s skin and some of this bacteria may happen to be Staphylococcus Aureus. However, individuals may be able to reduce Staph in the nose by taking preventative measures. Washing your hands regularly is one of the most effective ways to remove bacteria, for example.

Similarly, individuals should avoid spreading bacteria to their face and can do this by not touching the skin on their face. Many people touch their face numerous times per day and this increases their risk of developing an infection.

Furthermore, individuals should take extra care if they have cuts or lesions on or in their nose. If the nasal membranes have been subject to trauma, it makes it easier for Staph in the nose to enter the patient’s system and to cause an infection. It only takes a miniscule cut or tear in order for this to happen, so it’s vital that individuals try to avoid damaging their nose.

Whilst it may not always be possible to avoid Staph in the nose, there are ways to reduce the number of bacteria in or on the nose. Similarly, individuals can take steps to prevent their condition worsening if they believe that Staph in the nose has caused an infection.

If a Staph infection is caught quickly enough and treatment is commenced straight away, it is less likely to spread to other areas of the body. Similarly, the infection will have less time to develop and may, therefore, be less severe. If patients suspect that they have developed an infection, due to Staph in the nose, they should seek medical help in a timely manner. This will help to ensure that the infection is diagnosed and treated quickly, thus reducing the likelihood of Staph in the nose causing a serious, systemic and life-threatening infection.